The medieval romance flourished in the 12th and early 13th century. Its main subject is the deeds of knights and it portrays and idealized or fantastic vision of life dealing with extravagant characters, fighting, romantic love and supernatural incidents. It expressed the French aristocratic society; in fact the word "romance" derives from the French, the language used to write it.
THE DEATH OF KING ARTHUR
It tells a number of stories about legendary kings and knights. The book opens with the story of king's Arthur birth brought about by the magic Merlin and It ends with the deaths of Arthur and his Queen Guinevere and of Sir Lancelot, the best knight and the queen's lover.
It is a literary genre which developed in the 12th and 13th centuries. It generally portrays idealized or fantastic vision of life dealing with extravagant characters, strange exotic places, supernatural incidents written in prose. Among them We can remember the Arthurian Legends.
It is a literary genre which developed in the 18th century in England presenting a picture of real life written in prose. It arose in 1719 in England with "Robinson Crusoe" by D. Defoe.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ROMANCE AND NOVEL
Both Romance and Novel are literary genres written in prose. But while the Romance developed in the 12th and 13th centuries, the Novel developed later, in the 18th century. Moreover while the Romance deals with extravagant characters, strange exotic places and supernatural elements, the Novel presents a picture of real life.