George Orwell is the pen name of Eric Arthur Blair; he was born in India in 1903 to Anglo-Indian parents.
When he was about five, Orwell went to England with his mother and sisters, and he studied until 1922. During this year, Orwell came back to India and joined the Indian Imperial Police. He left it in 1928 and he went to Paris, hoping to become a freelance writer. At this time he wrote his first novels and articles, in spite of his humble economic condition.
In the 30s Orwell went to England again, he wrote other works and he married. At the beginning of the Spanish Civil War he went to Spain and fought for the Republican side against Francisco Franco’s Fascist uprising. Seriously wounded, he had to return to England, where he wrote a lot of articles, essays and diaries about his experience. During the Second World War Orwell wrote his famous novel Animal Farm, in which he blamed the totalitarianism and specially the Russian Stalinism.
In 1945 he worked as a correspondent for the Observer in France, Germany and Austria. Orwell lived his last years on the Hebrides, with his adopted son. There he completed his most famous work, titled Nineteen Eighty-four.
He died of tuberculosis in 1950.
George Orwell’s Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-four are certainly his masterpieces.
They both tell about the totalitarianism and, in particular, they contains a biting criticism of this form of government.
Animal Farm is a sort of fable in which Orwell realized the perfect portrait of the Russian Stalinism, with its contradictions and peculiarities.
Nineteen Eighty-four is a longer and more complex novel, in which Orwell told about an utopian world completely subjugated by an oppressive and powerful totalitarian party. The main character of the book is Winston Smith, an office-worker who tries to preserve the last ray of humanity in Europe.