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Cult of Nature in the Romanticism

The Romantics chose nature as their favourite subject because they saw a natural scenery as much more than simply physical: it could thought about mankind and its role in the universe.
The Romantics’ cult of nature was also a reaction against the consequences of the Industrial Revolution during which the new economy and technology was changing also the psychological relation of man to man. The contrast between the town and the country is relatable with the contrast between the evil and the goodness and spiritual health.
The most important English Romantic poems were I Wondered Lonely as a Cloud and She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways by Wordsworth, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan by Coleridge and especially the Lyrical Ballads and Tintern Abbey.

In Italy, Romantic writers sang of nature though they usually made it the background to personal or patriotic themes.
Giacomo Leopardi had a sensibility for nature closer to that of his European fellow poets. (His predilection for natural features is typical although he doesn’t indulge in the Gothic or the supernatural). Many of his poems begin with the description of a landscape and then move on to pessimistic reflections on man’s destiny.

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