Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) was the son of two travelling actors; when his mother died, he was grown up by John Allan, but was soon covered by gambling debts and turned into drink. He had a happy period when he married his cousin Virginia, and in 1838 he published his only novel, “The narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym”. All his others works are short stories or collections of short stories:
- “Tales of the grotesque and arabesque”: they are something like horror tales, connected with fear and wonder, humor and imagination.
- “Tales of ratiocination”: these are detective stories, in which there’s a very clever detective helped by an assistant who balances his superiority (such as in “The murders in the Rue Morgue”). This kind of stories (the smart detective and the "normal" assistent) reminds to Sherlock Holmes' novels.