Sorting: dirty clothes are sorted out by separating them into:
-Whites and coloureds
- fabric types for example cottons, wool, synthetic fabrics, etc.
- heavily soiled materials from lightly soiled ones.
- colour-fasts and non-colour-fasts.
During sorting also pockets are inspected and emptied. Shoulder pads and trimmings that are not washable are removed.
Mending: before washing, all tears in the articles should be mended.
Stain removal: look for any special stain and remove them before washing.
Soaking or steeping: heavily soiled articles that we colour-fast such as bed sheets, pillow cases, white cotton blouses can be soaked in soapy water for one hour or longer before washing. Do not soak coloured that are not colour-fast for example locally dyed materials, veritable wax prints. Wash them immediately with mild soap.
Washing: use the type of soap or synthetic detergent suitable for articles for heavily soiled colour-fast articles such as your school clothes or uniforms (if available). Use mild soaps for your delicate articles that are not colour-fast for example veritable wax wrapper. Wash the cleanest articles before the dirtiest.
Boiling: boil if necessary. Boiling helps to whiten articles and kill any germs in the clothes. Cotton and linen articles can be boiled. Do not boil wool, silk and synthetic (fabrics like nylon).
Blueing and stiffening: if desired add blue to the last rinsing water. Cottons and linens can be stiffened with starch.
Drying: dry coloured articles under a shade to prevent them from the bleaching effect of the sun and avoid fading of colours. Dry white cotton and linen articles in the sun. Secure articles with clothes pegs.