Different fabrics have different properties or characteristics based on their fibres. These properties determine the use, care and handling of the materials. The handling of the fabrics can also be affected by the type of finishes applied to the fabric after construction. In order to get the best out of the fabrics you buy, it is important that you know about fabric finishes and how to handle different fabrics.
Simple Fabric Finishes:
Fabric finishes are treatments give to fabrics after their construction. These finishes help to improve the appearance and handle of the fabrics. They can also affect the card required by the fabric. These include:
1. Lustre or sheen finishes: These give a glossy or lustrous appearance to fabrics.
- Mercerization: Treating cotton with caustic soda to make it lustrous.
- Glazing: Treating fabrics ( for example cotton) with stiffening agents such as gums or starches in order to produce shiny or glazed surface.
2. Drip-dry finish: This is an easy-care finish. It helps to prevent creasing or wrinkling. Fabrics given drip-dry finish do not require ironing.
3. Crease-resistant finishes: These are given to fabrics that crease easily. They prevent creasing.
4. Shrink-resistant finishes: These control the amount of shrinkage which a fabric will undergo when it is washed.
5. Water-repellant finishes: These make fabrics resist wetting by water.
6. Flame-resistant finishes: These prevent fabrics from glaring and burning up quickly.
7. Moth-proof finishes: These prevent fabrics from being attacked by moth.