Most garments need openings. And fastenings are devises of things attached to the openings.

Use of fastenings
1. Like the openings, fastenings allow the garment to be put on and take off.
2. They keep the openings in position whilst the garment is being worn.
3. They protect the openings from strain or stretching.
4. They can be used for decoration.

Types of fastenings:
- Zips: These are useful on blouses, dresses, jackets, trousers, etc.
- Press studs: These are used where there is less strain.
- Hooks and eye/bars: These are used where there is strain to prevent gapings. It can also be used to fasten the end of a neck opening.
- Buttons and loops: These are used on openings without a wrap.
- Buttons and bottonholes: These are used to fasten faced slit openings on blouses and children's dresses.

Points to consider in choosing a fastener.

1. The type of opening to be fastened.
2. The type is fabric for example light materials.
3. The use of the fastening for example decoration.
4. The part of the garment to be fastened for example cuff or neckline or waist band of skirt.
5. The style of the garment. It can be concealed like not visible or it can be for decoration.
6. The fastenings should be washable or dry cleanable.
7. The fastening should match the garment in colour for example zips and buttons.

Guidelines for attaching fastenings
1. See fastenings on doubled thickness of material, otherwise reinforce the garment all around the opening.
2. Sew fastenings directly opposite each other, so that opening will be flat when fastened.
3. Attach sufficient number of fastenings, so that opening does not gape when garment is worn.
4. Make fastenings invisible unless they are used as part of the garment decoration.
5. Place fastenings close enough together to keep the opening flat when closed.
6. See the fastening after the opening has been finished and pressed (except bound buttonholes and loops).

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