A stain is a spot or a mark on a fabric. It gives a colour that is different from the rest of the surface of the fabric.

Types of stains:
There are different types of stains. They can be classified in different ways, for instance as:
1. Vegetable stains: These are from foods for example fruit, tea, coffee, cocoa, grass, etc.

2. Animal stains: These contain animal protein for example blood, egg, milk, etc.

3. Grease stains: These can be of animal, vegetable or mineral for example animal fat, Palm oil, engine oil, etc.

4. Mineral stains: These include paints, ink, medicines, rust, coal-tar, show polish, etc.


Calico patch: This is the strongest type of patch, because it has two sets of stitching. The stitchings are used to hold the patch down onto the garment. It is used for mending household linen such as bedsheets and pillow cases, table cloths, and articles without printed designs.

To make:

- mark the area to be patched.
- cut out the required size of patch.
- prepare the patch by folding the turnings to the right side of the patch.
- place the right side of the patch on the wrong side of the fabric. Match the grains of the patch and the article.
- pin, tack and stitch down the patch into the article.
- turn the right side of the fabric. Snip the corners and trim surplus material to about 1 cm from the stitching.
- turn the raw edges. Tank and stitch the turned edge.
- remove tacking and press.

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