Fibres are used for making fabrics or textiles. It is very important that you understand the origins and properties of each type of fabric. This understanding will enable you to identifying the various types of fabrics. Proper identification of fabrics will enable you to choose them wisely.
Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
• Fibres are tiny hair-like structures or strands used for making fabrics.
• Yarns are threads. Many fibres are twisted to produce yarns.
• Fabrics are made from yarns. Some fabrics are also made directly from fibres.
Fibres are therefore twisted to yarns and yarns are constructed into fabrics or textiles.
Fibres through twisting produce yarns which are constructed to make fabrics.
1. Weaving: This is the process of constructing fabrics interacting two sets of yarns (the wrap and the weft yarns) at right angles. Woven antics are strong.
2. Knitting: The process of constructing fabrics by forming rows of loops with the yarn. The loops support each other like a chain. Other methods are crocheting, braiding, knitting, bonding, felting, etc.
General uses of fabric or textile
Textiles are used for -
1. Making personal clothes such as underwears, dresses, etc.
2. Household linen for example bedsheets, pillow cases , curtains, kitchen napkins, etc.
3. Soft furnishing for example upholstery.
4. Keeping the body cool or warm for example sweaters.
5. Protecting the body from rain or wind like raincoats.
6. Beautifying or adorning the body.