There are different types of tiles for floor. These include ceramic and vinyl tiles. Each type requires different type of care.
Ceramic tiles floor:
Ceramic tiles are clay-ware. This means that they are made from clay. They are available in a great variety of qualities, colours and sizes. The are fixed to the floor with cement or special glue. They are commonly used on kitchen, toilet and bathroom walls. The tiles can be glazed or unglazed.
- it is hard-wearing and durable.
- it is hygienic and easy to clean.
- it looks attractive.
- it is not affected by water, grease, acids or alkalis.
- it can be cold to the feet.
- it is expensive.
- it can break if hit with a very hard object.
- it requires skill for construction.
Care of ceramic tiles floor
- sweep with soft brush or broom.
1) wash glazed tiles with floor cloth and soapy water. Do not use acidic solutions.
2) scrub unglazed tiles and mop with soapy water.
3) scouring powder can be used on unglazed tiles.
4) after scrubbing or scouring, rinse thoroughly and wipe dry.
5) wipe off any stain as soon as they occur.
Each type of floor has its own advantages and disadvantages. Each also requires special care.
Mud floor is a traditional floor finish common mostly in underdeveloped countries or developing countries and in Africa. Today it is still in use in many parts of the countries in this continent.
Advantages of Mud Floor:
1) it is cheaper than the other floor finishes.
2) it is cool, therefore suitable for hot weather.
3) the raw material (mud) is readily available everywhere.
Disadvantages of Mud Floor:
1) it is not hard-wearing. It is not as strong as the other floor finishes.
2) it is not durable.
3) it is not suitable for certain functional areas in the home for example bathroom.
4) some harmful insects such as fleas can bore holes and live in mud floors.
5) it is not suitable for riverine areas.
- sprinkle water lightly on the floor
- sweep with a soft broom.
- sweep the floor.
- rub with wet soft mild rib of banana or plantain stem.
- run gently. Take a small portion of the surface at a time.
- seal or close up any holes on the floor with soft clay.
- special finishes can be applied to improve appearance. Plant dyes or finely ground charcoal can be used as finishes.
- avoid using a lot of water. To prevent soaking the floor.