Lingua inglese - The empire writes back
The liberation of post-colonial writing:
the biggest problem of appropriation is writing itself. By writing the condition of otherness, post-colonial texts assert
the complex of intersecting ‘peripheries’ the struggle is focused in their attempt to control the process of writing.
key feature of colonial oppression in the control over the means of communication. We must make a distinction
between history and myth [RATZINGER]. Usually oral societies tend to penetrate mythical accounts rather than
historical ones. In addition the seizing of the means of communication and the liberation of post-colonial writing by
the appropriation of post-colonial writing by the appropriation of the written word became crucial features of the
process of self-assertion. However, also the conquerors may not feel at home in the places colonised. They feel
We can distinguish 3 features of post-colonial within:
I. silencing and marginalising of the post-colonial voice by the imperial centre
II. the abrogation of this imperial centre within the text
III. active appropriation of the language and culture of that centre.
Post-colonial literatures are forced into silence by the culture which controls the means of communication, also
controls the means of affiliation. Language is power because words construct reality.
Radical ‘otherness’ and hybridity:
in order to maintain authority over the Other in a colonial situation, imperial discourse strives to delineate the Other
as a radically different from the self.
The Other can be constructed only out of the self. The Other therefore can be produced by two main processes:
repetition and displacement. This leads to the colonial subject of hybridisation or colonial mimicry.
4. THEORY AT THE CROSSROADS
The creative development of post-colonial societies is often bound to pre-colonial, indigenous culture thanks to the
emergence of indigenous literary theories, polydialectic communities were born which have disployed the greatest
potential for abrogation Euro-centric concepts.
Indian literary theories:
indigenous aesthetic is more standardised and codified than any other in the post-colonial world. According to
some Indian critics, writing in English represent a small and marginal and marginal aspect of contemporary Indian
writing. Sanskrit is becoming more and more common. Colonial-dicotomy: radical division into paired oppositions
such as good-evil; true-false; white-black.
decolonisation of the mind the task of new generation writes, who have never experienced colonisation and who
use African language. African writers desire to speak to and for the people and not just to an educated elite and a
Settler colonies (US, Canada, Australia, N. Zeland)
Critical questions in the settler colonies:
I. relationship between social and literary practices in the old world and the new;
II. the relationship between the indigenous population in the invaded areas and the invading settlers;
III. the relationship between the imported language and the new place.
5. REPLACING THEORY
With the modernism (a bourgeois ideology) Europeans were forced to realise their culture was one among a
plurality. Scramble for Africa gave a new point of view of Africa and its culture.
post-colonial USA intent on establishing the legitimacy of its literary canon against the persistent domination of the
English tradition. New criticism is one of the principal factors retarding the development of indigenous literary
theories. Post-colonial criticism began to take into consideration what was perceived to be different from Anglo-
Intellectuals in post-colonial societies reveal an urgent need to define themselves against the identity given them by
their colonial past as well as against international post-modernism.
Post-coloniality and the theories of ideology:
problematic of the relationship between language and literary practice. Constituting identity within the self-Other
division 3 models:
I. good (result from identification)
II. bad (result from counter identification> they refuse the image offered)
III. dis-indentification (product of political and discursive practices which work on and against the dominant
6. RETHINKING THE POST-COLONIAL
The aim of post-colonial studies is to assist the total decolonisation of society and recuperation of the pre-colonial
No longer a simple binary opposition (black colonised VS white coloniser) but all the manifestation of colonial
power altogether including settler colonies.
there are 3 inexplicable conclusions:
+1 anno fa
I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Sara F di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Lingua inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - Milano Unicatt o del prof Reggiani Enrico.
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