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Capitolo 5: India lacks connection to make online services viable

The article goes back to 2008 and it explains why India is missing

the connections to make services on the Internet effective. When

Google launched the Indian version of Youtube, its executives

mentioned the deep interest India has for video. The problem lies

in the small number of Indians who have fast broadband Internet.

This condition is surprising because India is known worldwide for

its important technological centers and wins headlines in the

newspapers for its role as the fastest growing mobile phone

market in the world. So we try to understand the reasons that

generate this gap:

1) The dearth (la scarsità) of personal computers;

2) The lack of related IT services for large numbers of users;

3) The weakness of the infrastructural network;

4) The high number of local Indian idioms;

5) Big problems related to the installation of internet connections

in the last mile.

In the past, it was thought that the low number of PCs was due to

their high price, but the question was denied. The goal is to make

the PCs more important for the average Indian dweller: while city

dwellers use the Internet to look for work or send emails, the rural

dwellers do not use these services. The problem is that the rural

dwellers represent 70% of the population. Regarding the problem

of numerous languages, India has more than 12 languages that

represent an obstacle. However, the Indian market attracts

companies that operate on the Internet, because sooner or later

technology will make cell phones and the Internet converge.

Capitolo 6: high hopes for palm oil push up share prices

The article deals with palm oil and it dates back to 2005. The stock

prices of Malaysian and Indonesian palm oil plantations have risen

sharply over the last few weeks, as palm oil could become a

convenient alternative to crude oil (petrolio grezzo). Malaysia and

Indonesia are the world's largest producers of palm oil, while the

Philippines promotes the use of coconuts. According to analysts,

the demand for palm oil grows if EU countries decide to use it to

produce biofuels, and China decides to abolish its quota system (la

domanda di olio di palma cresce se i paesi dell'UE decidono di

usarlo per produrre biocarburante, e la Cina decide di abolire il suo

sistema di quote). In Malaysia, the government is considering the

possibility of requiring gas stations to sell biodiesel, reducing state

subsidies for diesel (il governo sta prendendo in considerazione la

possibilità di richiedere ai distributori di benzina di vendere

biodiesel, riducendo i sussidi statali destinati al diesel).

Government initiatives to promote biodiesel have boosted (alzato)

the index of plantation actions; according to industry officials,

biodiesel can be used without changing diesel engines, and it helps

reduce pollutant emissions. The trend in biodiesel increases the

share prices of palm oil, and this could translate into a reduction

in profit margins on the production of biofuels, causing operators

to choose soya or rapeseed oil (l'andamento del biodiesel fa

crescere i corsi azionari dell'olio di palma, e questo potrebbe

tradursi in una riduzione dei margini di profitto sulla produzione di

biocarburante, inducendo gli operatori a scegliere l'olio di soia o di

colza). Furthermore, if the palm oil producers were not able to

meet the global demand, the stock prices would increase further

(se i produttori di olio di palma non fossero in grado di soddisfare

il livello globale della domanda, i corsi azionari aumenterebbero

ulteriormente). Malaysia is running out of land to produce palm

oil: Indonesia will probably exceed it (la Malaysia sta esaurendo il

territorio da destinare alla produzione di olio di palma: l'Indonesia

probabilmente la supererà). Some analysts argue that the

environmental costs of clearing the land and planting oil palms will

eliminate the interest in this energy resource. However, Indonesia

continues to invest in palm oil, especially with China.

Capitolo 7: UAE investors buy pakistan farmland

The text dates back to 2008 and it talks about investors from the

Emirates who buy Pakistani farmland. One of the largest venture

capital investment companies in the Middle East has quietly

continued to purchase arable land in Pakistan as part of a series of

projects with which the UAE wants to consolidate the right to safe

nutrition and thereby mitigate inflation. It seems to continue the

collaboration between the UAE government and Abraaj Capital to

carry out agro-industrial investments in Pakistan. The government

of Abu Dhabi wants to secure supplies of basic low cost foods such

as wheat and rice for a long time. The Gulf State is interested in

establishing a strategic reserve of basic foodstuffs to reduce

inflation characterized by sharp increases, especially in the context

of food prices. Some sources claim that the UAE government and

some private entities (wishing to start agro-industrial activities in

Pakistan) have acquired the equivalent of 800,000 acres of arable

land. The government of Islamabad, which at this time offers

incentives to those who invest from abroad in its agriculture, could

introduce rules to prevent foreign investors from being reached by

the effects of the bans on exports imposed by the national

government. UAE and Pakistan are close allies; Islamabad must

also evaluate the demands of Pakistan to increase the productivity

of its agriculture at a time when rising food prices are at the center

of the protests. Sudan and Somalia are also offering plots of land

in this period to foreign investors interested in developing the

agricultural sectors of impoverished states; they are engaged in

the fight against an uncontrolled inflation that triggers violent

protests of the workers: the minister of the economy has

convinced some supermarkets and some cement producers to

keep the prices under control.

Capitolo 8: Singapore stages a cultural renaissance

The article dates back to 2002 and it speaks about Singapore,

deciding to implement a cultural renaissance (rinascita culturale).

Singapore is known for its strict censorship in the arts;

consequently it may be necessary to strive to be able to become

one of the most important cultural capitals of Asia (Singapore è

nota per la sua rigida censura in ambito artistico; di conseguenza

potrebbe essere necessario sforzarsi per poterla ritenere in grado

di diventare una delle più importanti capitali culturali dell'Asia).

Yet today's inauguration of the Esplanade (it is a structure

intended for artistic events, close to the sea) is an ambitious

attempt made by Singapore to become a point of reference for the

city's artistic activity; the theater is very large, as it is the concert

hall designed to attract international events. The project to make

Singapore a big city from a cultural point of view represents a

change of direction for a very rigid country in which going to shops

is the only way to express oneself (a local native novelist said so).

Singapore hopes that this arts center will attract a large number of

tourists, as it is still lower than Tokyo and Hong Kong. However,

the intention to match these last two cities could prove to be an

impossible claim, unless the Singapore government does not

loosen controls, such as those linked to censorship (Singapore si

augura che questo centro per le arti possa attirare un grande

numero di turisti, poiché risulta sempre inferiore a Tokyo e Hong

Kong. Tuttavia il proposito di eguagliare queste ultimi due città

potrebbe rivelarsi una pretesa impossibile, a meno che il governo

di Singapore non allenti i controlli, come ad esempio quelli legati

alla censura). Homosexuality, violence, religious problems, the

one-party regime have always represented sensitive issues; the

government is slowly liberalizing its summits and the censorship

seems to be less strict in the theater: in fact, it reaches a lesser

number of spectators, but remains implacable towards the cinema

and television. According to some public officials, these rigid

controls reflect the conservative view of Asian values to prevent

racial tensions in the multiethnic city; another very delicate

question concerns the possibility of dancing on the counters in

public places. Promoting an initiative such as the Esplanade shows

that in Singapore public officials suspect the hypothesis of

encouraging spontaneous developments from the lower levels.


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I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher valeria1494 di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Advanced business english e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - Milano Unicatt o del prof Reggiani Enrico.

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