Ecco nella pagina seguente la soluzione delle tracce di Maturità 2017 della Seconda prova di maturità di lingua inglese per il liceo linguistico.
Tema di attualità - Traccia A
COMPREHENSION AND INTERPRETATION
1- Accordimg to the author, more and more children in the USA are considered poor. They don't have enough food, times, recources. They attend underfunded, underresourced, and understaffed schools and in this way they could have less opportunities in the future.
2- The NCES data highlight the alarming fact that 51 percent of students in USA's public schools were low-income in 2013. 51 percent of American children in USA now live in poverty, and numbers seem to grow.
3- It is clear that poverty among children has become a wide-spread phenomenon in the USA becouse in almost all the countries, 40 of the 50 States, low-income students were no less than 40% . In 21 states, children who were entitled to free or low-priced lunches were the majority of students.
4- In his speech the President Johnson express the urgency to fight the poverty he said that the poverty was a “national problem” and it was not admissible for the richest Nation on earth. The Nation and each of its citizens could have solved the problem working together. Furthermore he said that one thousand dollars invested can return $40,000 or more in a person lifetime.
5- The relationship between the poverty and the education system is the shortage of resources. It is evident tha underfunded school compared to higher socioeconomic ones offer less opportunities. Person who work in these Schools could be passionate, hard-working, and motivated educators but without an adequate economic support it's not enough.
6- The poverty is depicted as a trap without a way out becouse is a chronic problem that affect different aspect of everyday life. Poverty creates a domino effect; if people aren't educated and cultured it will be very difficilt for the to create a better and satisfying future.
7- Poverty can be found everywhere. People who live in poverty are different in their norms, beliefs and behaviors as people who live in any other socioeconomic stratum. There are not geographical and ethnic rules, we find poor people both in urban cities and rural towns.
8- With the expression “The majority of our students”, Steve Soitts is referring to children that live in poverty and that need help to tackle the schoole and education costs. This group will define what the future is going to be.
9- The author proposes different solution to address the poverty, for example via intersectoral alignment, change the formula by which we fund their schools and delete the inequities. Funding education via property taxes aligned to varying algorithms of local, state, and federal streams results in fundamental inequities.
10- The author believes that it is necessary dive deeper into these broad systemic changes. He thinks that there are a number of specific intermediate actions that can be demanded policymakers undertake in order to directly and profoundly influence the education, well-being, and living conditions of children in poverty today. Every political and social actions in the past has created consequences that we live today and the solution founded have been not enough yet to solve the problem.
Tema Storico Sociale - Traccia B
COMPREHENSION AND INTERPRETATION
1- Gender parity is important becouse women are one-half of the world’s population and evidently deserve equal access to health, education, economic participation and earning potential, and political decision-making power. An appropriate use of half of the world’s total talent pool has a vast bearing on the growth, competitiveness and future-readiness of economies and businesses worldwide.
2- The closing of gender gaps in China could affect China economy. Overcoming the gap China could have an increase of US$2.5 trillion by 2020.
3- Recent studies revealed that a reduction in the employment gender gap in Europe has been important for the European economic growth and has the potential to unleash even further growth. Women’s access to labour markets is also helpful to make the economy more favorable.
4- The Global Gender Gap Index take into account four critical dimensions when measuring the gaps between women and men’s access to resources and opportunities: economic participation, education, health and politics.
5- The four dimensions show positive interdependencies, knock-on and multiplier effects that highlight the multi-faceted nature of the benefits of increased gender parity: increased gender parity in education, lowers infant and child mortality rates, lowers maternal mortality rates and others.
6- A research shows that investing in girls so that they would complete education at the same rate as boys and engaging women in social life can bring benefits and wealth to the country with a significantly increasing in the country's GDP.
7- In the public life the presence of women has a positive impact on inequality across society at large. The issues in which women are more interested and in which they invest are family life, education and health. Furthermore women’s engagement in public life fosters greater credibility in institutions.
8- Female talent is under-utilized in business either squandered through lack of progression or untapped from the onset.
9- In according to the recent World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs Survey Business leaders and governments increasingly note that tackling barriers to equality can unlock new opportunities for growth. Business leaders perceived addressing gender parity in their company as a matter of fairness and equality.
10- The requirement of diversity and business innovation show the importance of having more women in leadership roles. Furthermore the presence of women in leadership roles bring more stability and economic growth.
1- Women had worked hard to achieve equality with men and today this is not yet a total parity today. In many countries in the world the women are still seen as inferior. In the article examined, the focus was on the economic aspect, saying that the presence of women in leadership positions can bring wealth and economic growth. But the benefits are many more. Women made great scientific discoveries, composed great literary and poetic works, and so on. For example, Hedy Lamarr, as well as a famous actress, was also a scientist and thanks to her we can now use the mobile phone but the credit has never been acknowledged. So we can mention Marie Curie, Rita Levi Montalcini... women who have changed the world. Women have done so much to get the rights. In some states women still have no right to vote; in Italy the right to vote was conquered only in 1945. We have to overcome the stereotype of the woman who has to stay at home to look after their children because women have a mind like men and they can do exactly the same things. In politics we have seen recently women as mayors of important cities, for example Mrs. Appendino in Turin and Mrs. Raggi in Rome. These are small achievements that can change the world.
In my opinion the disparity between women and men is great even today and I think the young people perceive it but they do not pay attention to it. Perhaps because of the wrong example that is given in their family or ignorance in this matter. I think that education should start with the family, but this is often too much tied to the tradition and an unproductive mental closure. We often hear "he is male and he can do it, you are a female and you can not do it". I have heard it many times when I was a child and now I understand that it is not fair because everyone should have the same possibilities. I think it is crucial to start from education first to have clear the situation of society and to have some points of reference. Those who feel discriminated must speak and act in order to express their own reasons. We live in a world where it is easy to be attached but it is equally easy to express ourselves and keep up with the news.
Traccia C inglese – Letteratura
COMPREHENSION AND INTERPRETATION
1- The narrator of the story is a young girl who, like the other characters in the story, remains nameless.
2- The parents disappeared. The mother went to the shop one night and she didn't come back, the father was a soldier who is fighting in the war.
3- In the narrator’s family there are three childreen: the narrator, her elder brother and her younger brother.
4- “The bandits” that the narrator refers to are the people against which the father was fighting, so-called by their government. They came to their village twice and they took everything. The third time they came back but there was nothing to take so they burned the thatch and the roofs of their houses fell in.
5- The mother repair their home using some pieces of tin and they put those up over part of the house in order to create a roof.
6- They don't know what day of the week is becouse they stayed there hidden all day waiting for their mother. There was no school, no church any more in their village, so they didn’t know whether it was a Sunday or a Monday.
7- The children's grandmother is big and strong, not yet old. Their grandfather instead is small, smiling and deaf. The leader is the grandmother; she took them to her house end she tried to calm the children.
8- The children were very hungry. Their grandparents had no food for the children and neither for themseves. A woman with milk in her breasts gave us some for the little brother, Then the grandmother took the children to look for wild spinach but the other people in her village did the same and there wasn’t a leaf left. Furthermore the narrator says that they hadn't tasted oil for a long time.
9- The children's grandfather used to have three sheep, a cow and a vegetable garden but the bandits had taken the sheep and the cow; and when planting time came their grandfather had no seed to plant.
10- “Away” represents for the children the safety. A place where no bandits are, where they can have food and a shelter.
1- The first-person narrator is a young girl, the protagonist of the story, who sets out on a long journey along with her siblings and grandparents to seek refuge from a war happening in their home country of Mozambique. This kind of narrative is particularly effective because it makes the story more realistic bringing us into the story directly among the characters. However, this does not make possible a complete sight of the situation because we only see what happens to the protagonist and we know only what she knows. We think like a child in a childish perspective. We do not know where the mother is, we can do nothing to fight the bandits, we feel the fear and the inability to act. An example of the partial vision due to first-person narrative can be seen in John Banville's novel. In this novel the protagonist, Max Morden, revoke personal memories but we never see them completely. He decides what he wants to remember and what does not want to, we do not have a complete vision of history. Despite this, we succeed in identifying ourselves in him and living his feelings.
2- Children are too often the innocent victims of the adult disasters. In my opinion the biggest cause of danger is war. Every day, thousands of children die in terrorist attacks, or they suffer because of the lack of medicines or food, or are forced to run away in desperate conditions, they lose their parents, and tackle these obstacles on their own. This is what happens in our seas, it is not necessary to go far to find these problems. Many writers and directors have written and directed works on this subject. For example “The kite runner” written by the famous Afghan author Khaled Hosseini.This book captures the horrors of war that also affect younger children creating suffering and hate between them.
a cura di Martina Caratti