Video appunto: Marlowe, Christopher - Stile e Opere
Christopher Marlowe was a contemporary of Shakespeare and he was the first great English Renaissance dramatist
He was born in Canterbury in 1564. After studying at Cambridge and possibly working as a secret agent for the queen. Marlowe began a highly successful career both on the stage and as a poet. This was suddenly ended in 1593 by his death: he was stabbed in the eye in a tavern of a London suburb in unclear circumstances. He had a turbulent life, in which he was repeatedly accused of both atheism and immorality.
The great characters of Marlowe’s tragedies seem to be ruled by self-destructive passions. The Jew of Malta, for example, shows a man who his insane and excessive love of gold. Or either the brilliant scholar Doctor Faustus who is doomed by his immoderate desire for forbidden knowledge.
In his plays, especially in famous speeches and monologues, Marlowe invented a unique blend of rhetoric, powerful images, which became typical of the Elizabethan theatre. He also greatly enhanced the dramatic possibilities of blanck verse.
Let’s talk about Marlowe’s most famous play, Doctor Faustus, usually regarded as one of the first modern tragedies- together with Shakespeare’ Hamlet and Othello
The story talks about Faustus, a great scholar who has achieved all the knowledge man can aspire to on earth. But he wants to go further and learn the causes of life and the means of ruling the elements of nature. This is forbitten knowledge, and for that he has to turn to black magic. He makes a pact with Mephistopheles, the devil’s agent, agreeing to let Hell have his soul in exchange for absolute power and knowledge. This lasts for 24 years, during which he is allowed to perform the impossible. He can even summon up Helen of Troy, the most beautiful woman of all times, and enjoy her love.
At the end of his life, everything seems worthless and Faustus is consumed by remorse and despair, and descend into Hell with the damned.