Daniel Defoe describes real cities, real names, but he doesn't describes feelings of his characters. He describes the fact as they are. In fact, when we speak about Defoe, we speak about realism.
* The man able to cope with difficulties of life only trusting in his own resources.
* The man is in the centre of the universe.
* simple and direct style.
* it is narrated in retrospective first-person narration.
* she thinks back to her past.
* she repents of her evil and wicked action but she always tries to justify herself because she says that poverty and want of food and money prompted her to steal.
* she is very individualistic. She always thinks about her interest.
* her life can be measured on economic basis.
DANIEL DEFOE (1660 - 1731)
Daniel Defoe was born in London in 1660. He studied practical subjects like geography, economics, chemistry and modern languages. He was be considered the father of the english novel. He wrote for the middle class: traders, merchants, artisans and professional men.
He was educated at the Dissenters doctrine (the doctrine that refused the English’s church), and his father wanted him to become a minister, but he started working as a merchant and also became interested in politics, he was a spy for the Whig (liberal) government. He wrote his famous pamphlet The shortest way with the Dissenters a satire against intolerance. His most remarkable achievement in journalism was the periodical The Review, in with he publics his essays.
Defoe started writing prose at the age of sixty he hit success with Robinson Crusoe, the story of a shipwrecked sailor who for 28 years was forced to live alone on a desert island. His last great work of fiction was Roxana. Daniel Defoe died in 1731.
He didn’t revise his works and used original narrative’s techniques.
Characters: He described them only superficially and has no psychological insight.
Realism: the events are usually presented in the form of a diary or of an autobiography, related in the first-singular person in order to increase verisimilitude.
The setting is represented by the island that is the ideal place for Robinson to prove his qualities in exploiting and dominating the nature.
Style: the language is simple, concrete to reinforce the impression of reality given by the first person narrator.
The plot is divided into three parts: the first party describe his life before the shipwreck. The second part is in the form of a journal, in which Crusoe writes about life on the island; it is in this part that he met a savage, whom he calls Friday and with who he want to establish a master-serve relationship, he teached him his language and culture. The third and final part their and of Crusoe’s return in England with Friday as his Servant.