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Hoplitism - New forms of war

The agrarian revolution and population growth, ultimately, were the circumstances which made it necessary to have a tidier and more complex structure of social life: the new agricultural economy, in fact, had important consequences on the community life. Firstly, the defense of the territory became a matter of common interest.

In earlier times, when the economy was predominantly pastoral, each could arrange for against the control of herds. With the strong development of agriculture that characterized the new phase, on the other hand, the defence called for continuous attention and had to be entrusted to persons resident, they can follow the various stages of production (sowing, plowing, harvesting); control of increasingly large areas of the territory, also called for a defensive effort that could be addressed only collectively.

For this reason, the farmers were organized, giving consistency to the way they fight; the war on gangs and ambushes, typical of the pastoral economy, so it was replaced by a new defensive organization and a new fighting technique, which involved, on the same footing and with the same means, everyone who had an interest in defending crops and land.

Developed as a community of peasant-soldier who fought side by side, in the so-called "phalanx": this technique was the famous Hoplite phalanx tactics, which included violent head-on collisions and hand-to-hand combat.

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