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Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, West India. At the age of nineteen, he left home to study law in London at the Inner Temple. When he returned to India he set up a law practice in Bombay, but with little success. He son accepted a position with an Indian firm that sent him to its office is South Africa. Gandhi experienced discrimination on himself as an Indian immigrant in South Africa. He was the leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. He was the most famous example of non-violent civil disobedience.

He fought for women’s rights, poverty religious and ethnic unity and for the independence of India from British domination. During his 20 years in South Africa he was sent to the prison many times. He used non-violent disobedience. Finally in 1914 the South Africa government conceded some of Gandhi’s demands.
In 1915 he returned to India and became leader of the Indian National Congress advocating a policy, to obtain independence. After independence, in 1947, he tried to stop the Hindu- Muslim conflicts in Bengal, but on 1948 he was assassinated in Delhi.
Gandhi embraced a lifestyle based on prayer, fasting and meditation that earned him the reverance of his followers, who called him Mahatma.
Gandhi’s a symbol of hope for oppressed and marginalized people thrust the world.
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