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Le Corbusier was one of the most influential and versatile 20th century architects. In his early projects he devoted himself both to domestic architecture and urban planning, expressing a new rational concept of architecture and employing new industrial material such as glass and metal. His town planning schemes were symmetrically arranged and emphasized tall buildings, traffic routes and green areas, that is all those elements which epitomized the technological spirit “of the modern metropolis”. Towards the end of his career, Le Corbusier developed a new style which is exemplified by the Unité d’Habitation at Marseille. This block of flats set in a park was built in reinforced and was based on a complex system of harmonic proportions called “modular design”.

Ville Savoye

Ville Savoye is one the most houses of the modern movement in architecture. In planning a house Le Corbusier aimed at creating a machine for living in. Located in a suburb near Paris. As with his church of Notre Dame, the building looks different from every angle. Today it has been restored and is open to the public. The five points of Le Corbusier are: • use of pilots: the house is raised to separate it from the earth and to use the land efficiently; • free plan: it allows the architect to build a house in complete freedom;

• free façade: consist in the freedom to create facades no more constitute of walls with structural functions; • roof garden: with both plantings and sculptures; • use of ribbon windows: it allows an extraordinary illumination of the interior and a more direct contact with the outside.

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