These are made for decorating the garment. Some can also be used for finishing raw edges. Examples include:
- Stem stitch: this is useful for outlining designs. To make:
a) Make the necessary design.
b) Insert the needle at the tip of the line to be stitched.
c) bring the needle out half-way down the space made before.
d) the thread must be kept bellow the needle and the needle brought out exactly where the previous stitch finished.
- Chain stitch: this gives an appearance of even back stitch on the wrong side. To make:
a) make necessary design and fasten the thread using backstitch.
b) insert needle at the point where the thread comes out.
c) bring out needle and thread a short distance way.
d) bring the needle out over the loop.
e) repeat and continue until the end. Fasten thread and cut off.
- Satin stitch: this is used for filing designs, in making appliqué, etc. to make:
a) Draw the needle at one edge of the design, fasten with a few running stitches.
c) return to the starting edge by passing the needle underneath the material.
e) repeat following the outline of the design.
f) make stitches close together and parallel.
- French knots: this can give a seeded effect to a motif or design. There are different variations of the French knots.
- Herring-bone finish: this is worked at two levels. It appears the same on both the right and wrong side of the article.