Bucket or Pail latrine

Common features
1. It is normally built as a separate unit a short distance away from the main house.
2. It is made up of a wooden stand or box with a hole in the seat, and an opening at the back.
3. The bucket is normally emptied trough the back opening.
4. The box is placed over a strong metal bucket.
5. The box normally has a lid or cover.

Advantages:
- it us easier to build than a modern toilet.
- it is cheaper than a modern toilet.

Disadvantages:
- the content of the bucket (faeces) has to be emptied. Night-solimen, people who carry the bucket are scarce. It is not healthy for people to carry faeces on their heads.
- the faeces is easily exposed.
- flies and insects (disease carriers) can breed the bucket latrine.
- it can be a source of disease.
- it is not healthy and hygienic.
- it is unsightly.

The modern toilet is today fast displacing the bucket latrine in many urban towns in developing countries. In the rural areas it is not in use. Pit latrines are common in rural areas.
Daily care:
1. Open the windows; sprinkle water lightly on the floor and sweep thoroughly.
2. Wash the box and lid with disinfectant solution.
3. Mop the floor; supply sand or saw dust or ash.
4. Supply toilet paper if necessary.

It is important to provide sand or saw dust or ash which users can sprinkle over the waste matter after each use. The sand and saw dust covers the waste matter.

Weekly care:
1. Open the windows and empty the room.
2. Scrub the box and the lid thoroughly with disinfectant solution and leave outside to dry.
3. Empty the bucket and scrub using a special long stuff brush or broom and disinfectant solution. Leave in the sun to dry.
4. Sweep down the ceiling, wall doors and windows to remove cobwebs.
5. Scrub the floor thoroughly and when the floor of dry replace the bucket and box.
6. Refill the sand, saw dust or ash container.
7. Supply toilet paper if required.

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