The British statesman Sir Winston Churchill was probably the most famous and celebrated Prime Minister of the 20th century. Politician, soldier and artist he is considered one of the greatest leaders of all time.
Churchill’s courage determination helped him guide Britain during the Second World war to victory.
His public life started in the reign of Queen Victoria in the late 19th century and continued up to the Cold War.
Churchill was never foreign minister. He was born in Oxfordshire in 1874. His was in the army. On his return to London he became a member of the Conservative Party.
At the outbreak of the Second World War he was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. In may 1940 he became Prime Minister and Minister of Defense until 1945. In 1951 he became Prime Minister once more. However, in 1955 he decided to resign but remained a member of Parliament until the 1964 general election.
Churchill received many honors in 1953 received the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1963 he received the honorary citizenship of the United States from President J.F. Kennedy. He died in London in 1965.