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The Greek Architecture

Esame orale su un argomento svolto a piacere in altre materie di indirizzo basati su appunti personali del publisher presi alle lezioni della prof. Rossini dell’università degli Studi del Politecnico di Milano - Polimi. Scarica il file in formato PDF!

Esame di Lingua inglese corso avanzato dal corso del docente Prof. N. Rossini



section above the columns contains much of

the traditional ornamental decoration of the


temple: the a long band that surrounded

the building, is the primary surface for this

decoration; it can be continuous or broken up

into segments¹. Above the frieze is the

pediment, which contains some of the largest

and most elaborate sculptural decoration on

temples, often including full size three­

dimensional sculptures. Doric Ionic

Much of the decoration and appearance of the temple depends on whether it is of the or


The cult took place outside of the Greek temple, not inside. The temple housed the statue of worship

of god or goddess for which the temple had been built; the statue is in the main chamber called the


The temples were constructed with stonewalls and wooden roofs that protected the cult statue inside.

Decorative sculpture was placed on the outside and inside of the building and traditionally these

elements were typically painted in bright colours.

temple of Herod Parthenon.

Some examples of these constructions are the and the

temple of Herod at Paestum

The was built in Italy about 550 BC, during the Archaic Period. The


outer columns or are well preserved and typical of early Doric temple designs. The temple

is about 80 feet by 170 feet, with the one to two (1:2) ratio of columns, 9 on the ends and 18 along

the sides.


The of the columns in close spacing suggest that the

architects were primarily concerned with supporting the roof and this

gave the structure a heaviness that was reduced in later Doric temple


Metopes (rectangular elements) and triglyphs (three narrow adjacent vertical elements).

1 Cella is the later Latin name of the room that was called naòs by the Greeks


Following the V century BC after the sack of Athens by the Persians,

Acropolis. Parthenon,

the Athenians set out to rebuild the ruined The centre of the acropolis is the

the temple of Athena. The Acropolis also included an entrance gate west called the Propylaea and


two other temples, the temple of Athena Nike and the

Parthenon ideal proportions

The is often considered the culminating achievement of in Doric

temple design and the dominant ratio used in the structure can be described as an algebraic formula:

2x+1. ideal proportions illusion of perfection:

These were adjusted to create the if the outermost

columns of a temple are surrounded by light, they appear thinner to the naked eye; to counter this

effect the architects made the outer columns thicker than the inner columns, again creating the

illusion of having all the same size.

The Parthenon also set a new standard for the lavishness of temple decoration: dozens of life­size,

or larger statues, adorn the pediments and the entire inner while the outer friezes were carved with

relief sculptures such as this one from the battle between the Centaurs and the Lapiths.


Other ornamentation included or female figures that stood in place of the columns.

Many of the designs of temple architecture spread into other aspects of Greek building such as the



classical orders

The are essentially the building blocks of western architecture, and they have been

used for 2500 years. The Greek developed decorative systems, and that is what we are referring to

Doric, Ionic

when we use term "Classical orders”, there are three basic orders; the the and the




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+1 anno fa

Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in design degli interni (Interior Design)
A.A.: 2018-2019

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher gaia.vezzoli di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Lingua inglese corso avanzato e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Politecnico di Milano - Polimi o del prof Rossini Nicoletta.

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