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Suffixes can be divided on: nominal suffixes, verbal

suffixes, adjectival suffixes and adverbial suffixes.

The nominal suffixes are often employed to derive abstract

nouns from verbs, adjectives and nouns. Nominal suffixes

are: -age, -al, -ance, -ant, -ce/-cy, -dom, -ee, -eer, er, or, -

(e)ry, -ess, ful, -hood, -(i)an, -(e)an, -ing,- ion, -ism, -ist,

-ity, -ment, -ness and -ship.

Some examples of words generated by the addition of

nominal suffixes are: voltage, arrival, absorbance,

dispersant, convergence, kingdom, employee, mountaineer,

mixer, bakery, handful, childhood, Anglican, running,

personification, racism, fantasist, formality, treatment, etc.

After the addition of a verbal suffixes as: -en, ify and ize,

we have new verbs from other categories, mostly adjectives

and nouns. We can find some examples of verbs originated

in this way in: quicken, humidify, hospitalize, etc.

The adjectives that come from the addition to the root of the

adjectival suffixes can be subdivided in relational

adjectives and qualitative adjectives.

The adjectival suffixes are: -able, -al, -ary, -ed, -esque, -ful,

-ic/ical, -ing, -ish, -ive, -less, -ly, -ous. Adjectives formed

by the addition of this type of suffixes are: readable,

cultural, complementary, wooded, picturesque, beautiful,

historical, hopeless, curious, etc.

There are two suffixes which derive adverbs from other

categories, the adverbial suffixes –ly and wise, that generate

adverbs as: hardly, shortly, crosswise, etc.

When we talk of derivation we must say that not always

when a suffix is added to a root we have a derivational

phenomena, but this also could indicate an inflection such

as the plural –s, the third person singular –s, the –ing form

and so on.

Some words born to derivation through the prefixation that

is the addition of a prefix before root. In English exist

different types of prefixes which we can classify in the

following way: uni-, bi-, poly-, di-, multi-, omni-, semi-,

Quantitative:

micro-, macro-, hyper-. They generate words as:

bilateral, polysyllabic, semidesert, microwave,

macrobiotic, etc.

circum-, counter-, endo-, inter-, epi-, intra-,

Locative:

iter-, para-, retro-, trans. Circumnavigate,

transcontinental, paramedic, interbreed, endocentric,

are only some examples of words generate by locative

prefixes. ante-, pre-, fore-, post-, neo-. Words that

Temporal:

express temporal notions are: antedate, premedical,

postmodify, neoclassical, etc.


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DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in filologia moderna
SSD:
Università: Salerno - Unisa
A.A.: 2013-2014

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher appunti materie letterarie di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Lingua inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Salerno - Unisa o del prof Calabrese Rita.

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