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Appunti per l'esame di Lingua inglese del professor Williams, i quali vertono su language of officialdom, Gathering momentum, Sentence length, subjunctives, passives, Losing momentum, Top down, Legal language, Changing perspective.

Esame di Inglese docente Prof. C. Williams

Anteprima

ESTRATTO DOCUMENTO

Christopher Williams

Associate Professor of English at the Faculty of Political

Science, University of Bari, Italy

After an encouraging start, the state-sponsored plain

language initiative ‘Progetto Chiaro!’ has fizzled out.

So Italians are once again left to grapple with the

complexities of bureaucratese, an area still in need of

drastic reform.

I wish to thank Giovanni Vetritto for his invaluable

comments.

Anyone who has lived and worked in Italy will be

only too aware of the mind-boggling complexity and

sluggishness of Italian bureaucracy and of Italy’s

legal system. Small wonder, then, that there have

been calls for reforming the language of officialdom

to make it more user-friendly. But while in Britain,

the USA and other English-speaking countries, the

plain language movement has mainly found expression

outside government institutions, the nearest

equivalent in Italy, known as the Progetto Chiaro!,

is part of the Department of Public Administration

(Dipartimento della Funzione Pubblica).

The Department was set up in 1983 as part of the

drive to modernise public administration, but it was

only in the 1990s that a concerted effort was made to

improve its quality and efficiency. This culminated

in the setting up of Chiaro!, the so-called ‘Project for

the simplification of administrative language’

<www.funzionepubblica.it/chiaro/>.

The language of officialdom

One of the characteristics, then, of the plain language

movement in Italy is that it has so far concentrated

its attention mainly on the language of officialdom

and has tended to be less concerned than its Englishspeaking

counterparts with, say, consumer rights

such as ensuring that leaflets contained in prescribed

medicines are comprehensible to non-experts, or

with the language of prescriptive legal texts. Of

course, the language of officialdom spills over into

the legal field; moreover, in recent years attempts

have been made within the Italian Parliament to

improve the quality of legislative drafting, as Stefano

Murgia and Giovanni Rizzoni pointed out in Clarity

No. 47 (May 2002, page 20).

Thus, on the one hand, the focus of the Progetto

Chiaro! is more limited than that of, say, the plain

English movements in the UK, Australia and Canada

but on the other hand, given the pervasiveness of

state officialdom in most people’s lives in Italy, the

project has undoubtedly hit on the area that was

most desperately in need of reform. A guiding

source of inspiration behind the proposed reform

of bureaucratese has been Alfredo Fioritto whose

Manuale di Stile. Strumenti per Semplificare il

Linguaggio delle Amministrazioni Pubbliche was first

published in 1997. The manual provides practical

advice on how to draft administrative documents,

regulations, contracts etc (see Francesca Nassi’s

review in Clarity No. 47 (page 23).

Gathering momentum

The most fruitful period in the drive towards the


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DETTAGLI
Esame: Inglese
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea in comunicazione linguistica e interculturale
SSD:
Università: Bari - Uniba
A.A.: 2009-2010

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Chiakka87 di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Bari - Uniba o del prof Williams Christopher.

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