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Camera dei Lords - Dibattito sulla riforma 2007 Appunti scolastici Premium

Materiale didattico per il corso di Politica comparata del prof. Marco Giuliani. Trattasi della relazione del dibattito che ebbe luogo all'interno del parlamento britannico il giorno 6 marzo del 2007 ed avente riguardo le ipotesi di riforma della Camera dei Lords britannica.

Esame di Politica comparata docente Prof. M. Giuliani

Anteprima

ESTRATTO DOCUMENTO

The BBC in the midlands has recently undertaken some work in Birmingham to examine the

operation of private clamping in the city. It got a woman driver to park a vehicle on a privately

owned space and leave the scene. Almost immediately, the clampers from a private company

emerged and began to tow away the vehicle. The woman returned to be told that she had to

pay hundreds of pounds in cash to the company to release the vehicle and that she would be

escorted to a cash machine to make the payment. When she said that she could not pay, she

was left to make her own way home alone late at night. The company’s behaviour was clearly

unacceptable. However, people will pay almost anything to get their car released.

My constituent, Paul Watling from Telford, was also caught out on an area of land in

Birmingham. He fully acknowledged that he was parking in a private space. However, the

signage on the site was poor and he had to pay £350 to get his car released from clamping.

He

6 Mar 2007 : Column 1387

was virtually frogmarched to the cash machine by some fairly aggressive and intimidating

clamping agents.

The Bill proposes that clamping companies must inform the local authority in their area of

activity of the scope, style and location of signs to be used on private land. I am trying to drive

towards some standardisation of the signage in local authority areas. The Bill also proposes

giving the local authority the power to set a range in which penalty fees should be set. Clearly,

that may vary between different towns and cities, depending on the market and the scarcity of

parking spaces. I believe that the decision should be made locally by the local authority.

However, we should consider setting a maximum amount for such fees—£350 in cash is

extortionate.

The second element of the Bill concerns the provision of disabled parking spaces on private

land. The Department for Transport provides advice on the provision of spaces for disabled

drivers. The Disability Discrimination Act requires service providers to take reasonable steps to

ensure that disabled people can enjoy services. Department for Transport leaflet 5/95

suggests:

“For car parks associated with shopping areas, leisure or recreational facilities, and

places open to the general public: A minimum of one space for each employee who is a

disabled motorist, plus 6 per cent. of the total capacity for visiting disabled motorists.

The numbers of designated spaces may need to be greater at hotels and sports stadia

that specialise in accommodating groups of disabled people.”

Most disabled persons’ parking bays in off-street car parks, such as supermarket car parks, are

not covered by blue badge scheme regulations. Such car parks and parking bays are likely to

be privately owned and managed by the individual business: the agreement, and any cost to

use them, will be between the owner and the motorist or customer.

If a disabled motorist or passenger complains to, for example, a supermarket that a non-

disabled motorist has parked in a disabled bay, an employee of the store can ask the driver to

move their car but cannot legally insist on it. In some instances, the owners of private car

parks are reluctant to take action against people, because they think that it is bad for

business. In my view, not providing bays for people with disabilities and mobility problems is

bad for business. One of the problems is that spaces tend to be close to the store and people

feel that they can park briefly in one of those

6 Mar 2007 : Column 1388

spaces when they use a cash machine or pick up friends or family who have been shopping.

Such behaviour is not acceptable.

A number of surveys have been conducted on the use and abuse of disabled parking bays in

recent years. In 2005, a survey carried out by Baywatch found that one in five bays were

being abused on supermarket sites. The Bill would require all owners of private car parks with

disabled parking bays to have a clear written strategy on enforcement, which is available to

the public on request. It would also require owners to submit an annual report on their

enforcement activity to the local authority and the Disability Rights Commission or its

successor bodies.

I have considered proposals to extend the blue badge scheme on to private land and, for

example, supermarket car parks. My main concern about an extension of that scheme is that

many authorities already find it difficult to enforce the provision on public car parks. The Bill

does not therefore include such proposals. Supermarkets and other car park owners who

provide disabled places are, however, drinking in the last chance saloon: they need to act

more effectively, or we will have to bring in more draconian legislation.

In closing, may I thank Douglas Campbell, chairman of Mobilise, and John Pring of Disability

Now for their help on this issue? I also thank the hon. Member for Shipley (Philip Davies),

whose support for the Bill has been especially helpful. I am conscious that the House is fairly

full this afternoon. To ensure that the next speaker can make his points, perhaps Members will

leave the Chamber quietly once they have listened to the presentation of my Bill.

Question put and agreed to.

Bill ordered to be brought in by David Wright, John Mann, Mr. Iain Wright, Mr. Dai Havard,

Chris Mole, Mike Penning, Philip Davies, Mr. Robert Flello, Martin Salter, Helen Jones and Ann

Coffey. Private Parking (regulation)

David Wright accordingly presented a Bill to make further provision about penalties relating to

parking on private land; to make provision about compliance with notices concerning parking

for disabled people on private land; and for connected purposes: And the same was read the

First time; and ordered to be read a Second time on Friday 15 June, and to be printed [Bill

72].

6 Mar 2007 : Column 1389 Speaker’s Statement

3.44 pm

Mr. Speaker: I have a statement to make relating to the main business.

In the debate on House of Lords reform, I have selected amendment (c) to the motion on

hereditary places.

For the benefit of the House, I will set out the procedure to be followed at the end of the

debate tomorrow. Under the Order of the House of 27 February, at 5.30 pm tomorrow I shall

put the Question on the first motion, on retention of a bicameral Parliament. Thereafter, the

Questions will be put successively on each of the remaining motions until the last. On that

motion, on hereditary places, as I have selected the amendment in the name of the Leader of

the Opposition, I shall put the Question on that amendment first. I shall then put the Question

on the main Question in the usual way.

I also inform the House that I have decided to apply a 10-minute time limit on Back-Bench

speeches on both days of the debate. When the opening speeches have been made, in the

exceptional circumstances of this debate I am prepared to give an indication to those wishing


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DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea in scienze internazionali e istituzioni europee
SSD:
Università: Milano - Unimi
A.A.: 2011-2012

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Atreyu di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Politica comparata e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Milano - Unimi o del prof Giuliani Marco.

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