Social implications of Industrialism
Analysis of the social implications of the Industrialism
The disappearance of the plague and the more productive use of the land led to a population growth, which played an important role in creating the right conditions for the Industrial Revolution.
The nation came to be divided into two main classes: wage-payers and ware-earners. There wasn’t a clear difference between the aristocracy, the gentry and the middle class of merchants, but the difference between rich and poor increased. Wealth widespread in the country and England turned into a “consumer-society”. The population shifted from the agricultural and commercial areas of the south to the north and the midlands where the new factories were built near the coalfields which provided them with fuel. Small towns (mushrooms towns) were equipped to house the workers. Women and children were highly prized by employers because they could be paid less and were easier to control.
Industrial cities lacked elementary public services; the air and the water were polluted by smoke and filth and the houses were overcrowded. Industrial labor imposed new work patterns which were determined by the mechanized regularity of the machines and the rational division of labor. Discipline, routine and monotony marked the work of industrial laborers.
Finally, the life expectancy was well below twenty years.