1984 – George Orwell
The book was written by George Orwell in 1948, even though it was published in 1949.
The novel is set in a dystopian world divided into three main areas: Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. The protagonist, Winston lives in Oceania, and here there is a single party in power precisely called The Party, whose command is Big Brother, a character depicted with the face of a man created by a mash-up of Hitler, Stalin and Lord Kitchener. After Big Brother, there are the internal ministers, then the outer ministers and finally the Prolet, namely the low working class, people who have no rights.
The slogan of the party is: War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is strength. Already this speaks volumes about the democratic party. Winston worked as auditor of the texts, you must delete old destroying documents and edit them with new words from Newspeak. The aim of Newspeak is indeed to minimize the existing terms incorporating them all in very few words, doing so in fact one could no longer communicate except through those few words that are useful for living and if you can not define a crime because there are no the time to do it you can not even think / commit.
But Winston is not a simple member of the party, he can not blindly follow the lies of the party, and so begins to investigate until he knows Julia, another girl who, like him, is retiring at the party. Together they begin to look for a way to expose the party, and they can via the contacts to come into possession of a secret book that actually explains all the gaps, contradictions and falsehoods from the party. However, just when everything seems to have discovered, they are captured, and here begin their misadventures.
This novel describes metaphorically the majority of schemes (which also did very well in the work Animal Farm), but also the various control systems in vogue in Western democracies, such as when he says that the three continents are constantly war with each other but no one wins or winning, and that's because the ultimate aim of war is not to win but win or keep the people in a sort of cross between wealth and poverty so they are always in hand.