Daniel Defoe was born in London in 1660 in a family of Dissenters (a protestant group separated by the church of England). In 1692 he published political pamphlets and in only "the shortest way with the dissenters", he pretended to advocate harsher persecution against this Puritan sect, thus showing the absurdity of intolerance. Defoe was arrested, fined and condamned to the pillory (the gogna in italian). He is considered the father of modern journalism and of the realistic novel. In 1719 he wrote "Robinson Crusoe" that appealed to the middle and lower classes. 1722 saw the publication of "Moll Flanders", the autobiography of a prostitute: a generous woman who uses her beauty as a commodity to exchange for money. In this year he wrote also "a journal of the plague years", a pseudo-historical account of the plague which struck London in 1665. He dead in 1731.

Robinson Crusoe

He is a merchant, shipwrecked on a small island. He tells-in diary form-the adventures on the islands by the arrived to the cannibals and the acquisition of a company, named Friday. Twenty-seven years will pass before Robinson and his companion are finally rescued and taken to England by an English ship. The relationship between Friday and Robinson is the typical relationship between the servant and the master. Robinson Crusoe isn't a round character.

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