Tucks are special stitched folds made in garments. They are stitched for all part of the length. The fold is on the right side of the garment. When tucks are partly stitched, they are called dart tucks.

Uses of tucks:
- to reduce or control fullness.
- to provide extra width.
- to decorate a garments, as a style features.
- they can be seen in the skirt, to be lengthened later for example on children's clothes to provide for growth.
- they can be used to hide a join in the fabric.

To make a tuck:
- mark the lines for the tuck.
- pin the tuck into place.
- stitch the tuck into place.
- remove tacking; press each tuck along the stitching line from the wrong side of the fabric.

Gathers are small, soft folds made in garments. They are commonly used in:
- children's clothes.
- making lightweight skirts.
- some sleeve caps, frills etc.
Gathers can be made either with hand or machine.

Guidelines for making gathers:
1. When a long piece of gathering is to be done, divide the length into sections.
2. Leave gathering threads until the final stitching is completed.

Gathering by hand:
- mark the stitching line; use long double thread.
- sew a line of running stitches on the right side along the marked stitching line.
- sew a second line of running stitches 6 mm away in the turning.
- leave thread free at each end for the gathering.
- Ease or draw up the work to the correct length.
- fasten off with several firm stitches at each end.

Gathering by machine:
- mark the stitching lines
- set the machine tension for gathering. Use the longest stitch.
- machine two rows evenly spaced stitching:
• on the stitching line.
• 6 mm away towards the raw edge.
- ease or draw up the gathers to the required length.

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