Pattern markings and symbols

These show the dress-maker how to use the patterns in making garments. The marks should also beads in the drafted patterns. The pattern marking and symbols include the following and more:
- Straight grain of fabric: an arrow head symbol, meaning that the pattern piece should be placed on the grain like parallel to the selvedge.

- Place to fold of material: a bracketed grain-line, meaning that pattern edge should be placed on the fold of the fabric.

- Darts: shown by two broken lines for stitching. To make the dart, the material is folded along the centre.

- Notches: these are V-shaped symbols along the cutting line. Yet show matching points on the pattern. They can have numbers.

- Stitching line: this is shown by broken lines round the latter area.

- Seam allowance: the space between stitching line and the cutting line. It varies from one area of the pattern to another.

Drafted pattern: This is made to fit a particular person. A person's body measurements are first taken. Then the pattern is drafted to fit his or her size.

Advantages of drafted pattern:
1. It can be made to fit a person perfectly.
2. It can be adapted to any type of style.
3. It is cheaper than commercial pattern.
4. It can help to check the fit of a design before it is made into a garment.
5. It is original, therefore can be unique. It does not require alteration.

Disadvantages of drafted patterns:
1. It can only be useful to one person, the owner.
2. Pattern drafting requires special skill in this case.

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