With the death of Elizabeth I the Tudor line died out and James VI came at the throne with the title of James I. He was a Protestant and he believed he was the representative of God on earth. He summoned parliament only to ask for money, but it gave him nothing unless the money was needed for war. He was interested in witchcraft and he declared he believed in black magic. The most urgent problem of the reign was religion: Catholics were barred from public life; extreme Protestants, called Puritans, had an high sense of duty and they didn’t want to live in a country which they believed was going to fall into moral decline. So in 1620 a hundred of them, the Pilgrim Fathers, left England for America and founded New Plymouth. James I authorized a new translation of the Bible in 1604. Fifty scholars worked on translation for seven years: this version would be heard and read even by leymen. The King James Bible will be used by the Church of England for more than three hundred years.