Fats and oils
Fats and oils are energy- giving foods; they provide more heat and energy than carbohydrates. Fats are solid at room temperature (for example butter), oils are liquid at room temperature (for example Palm oil, groundnut oil, sunflower oil etc).
It is important for one to include fats and oils (especially olive oil, according to the Mediterranean diet) to his or her diet; it is also relevant to measure the amount of fatty food consumed in order to prevent cardiovascular problem like cholesterol and many more.
Classes of fats and oils:
1. Animal fats and oils: These are from animals and include cod-liver oil, butter, fat from meat, etc. Fats from animals are hidden under their skin which helps them combat cold during the winter period and in most cases prevent the penetration of water into their body.
2. Plant fats and oils: These are obtained from plants. Example are Palm oil, groundnut oil, coconut oil, soya bean oil, margarine, etc. fats and oils are made up of fatty acids.
Functions of fats and oils
1. They give heat and energy.
2. They can be stored as body fat and changed to energy when needed.
3. The fats stored around delicate tissues, such as the kidneys and heart, helps to protect them.
4. Some fatty acids are necessary for healthy skins and hair.