Large holes or worn out areas are difficult to darn. They should be patched instead. Patching is the process of replacing the worn part with a piece of fabric. A small piece of material is been affixed to another, larger piece to conceal, reinforce, or repair a worn area, hole, or tear. A small piece of cloth is used for patchwork.
Guidelines for patching:
1. For the patch, choose a piece of fabric that matches the article in colour, texture, design and age. If possible use pockets, belts or cuttings from wide facings of the garment.
2. Use a matching thread for the patching.
3. The grains of the patch and the the garment should match both length-wise and cross-wise.
4. Make the patch flat, neat and strong.
5. The patch must be large enough to cover the hole and the surrounding worn area.
Types of patching:
1. Print Patch: This is used for printed and patterned fabrics and outer garments.
- mark the are to be patched.
- cut out a patch that matches exactly the fabric to be patched. Allow 6 mm turning all around the patch.
- fold the turning to the wrong side on all sides and press.
- place the wrong side of the patch to the right side of the garment, matching patterns.
- pin and tach patch into position.
- oversew the patch neatly.
- trim away the worn area underneath 16 mm to 10 mm from the stitching.
- neaten edge with blanket or loop stitch and press.