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The bourgeoisie and the proletariat in 800 were two social classes who took a very important role in the industrial world, the first investing capital in the initiative to get an economic profit, the second seeing their ability to work, in exchange for this salario.In period the bourgeoisie could define business owners, bankers, industrialists, but also professionals, employees of low and high-level intellectuals, artisans: for convenience you can use the distinction between "high", " average ", and" small "bourgeoisie to indicate the difference in income, and position that exist within this class .B
ut we can definitely identify the" Capitalist Bourgeoisie "the most dynamic social force , the real star of the industrialization process, the owner of the means of production (lands and factories), and investing their money to get a profitto.In a process that involved a serious battle with the aristocratic classes before and after with great force historical character of industrialization: the industrial proletariat.
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800 was "PROLETARIAN" who, not having nothing but the capacity for work, he found employment as wage laborers or in the countryside "Agricultural Proletariat" or as a laborer in the factories "industrial proletariat" .Even the term worker as the bourgeois, indicates social figures different loro.Era worker craftsman forced by competition from industries to close his shop and enter the factory, but also the farmer expelled from the country; workers were also women with children who were sucked into the system industriale.Nelle factories this different backgrounds gave rise to a wide diversity of conditions: the wages and job stability skilled worker, carpenter or typographer, were much higher than those of the common laborer, miner, dell'operaia textile without qualifica.Ma Despite these differences, the working class lived in a state of misery and exploitation, all the more serious for skilled workers, for women and for bambini.Si worked very hard and the pay was very low, the environment was unhealthy and dangerous, inside the factory schedules, obligations and punishments, were heavy to bear, especially for those who had recently left the country life, equally hard linked to the natural rhythm of day and the seasons, not the artificial one of the machines. Another element that united the workers was insecurity, no one bringing home the daily wage was sure to bring even the day dopo.Ammalarsi and injured meant starvation, there was no type of insurance sociale.Le elderly were confined in hospices, because they had children or because such children are not accepted. The worker finally lived in a state of great isolation, the farmer although poor, was in an environment where it was possible some form of help from the community, the same farming family had a large family, consisting of parents, children and parenti.Mentre family workers generally consisted of parents and children who lived in little houses accoglienti.La working class had to then build themselves new forms of community and solidarity, they gave birth to the organizations, in the struggle to improve their situation of living and working.
The first seed of workers 'organization was represented by the Luddite movement that, before the risk of losing their jobs linked to the introduction of new technologies, said the destruction of macchine.Solo in the' 30s began to establish the first mutual aid societies .Among the main objectives of the fight was definitely the improvement of the material conditions of life and work, but also the recognition of political and social rights, like the right to sciopero.Più forward in the '30s -' 40s was also recognized the right to vote, thanks to the British labor movement.
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