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Queen Victoria came to the throne in 1837. She was just 18 years old and was guided by her statesman. She made the ideal constitutional monarch and yet providing stability . In 1840 she married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. They had nine children and they modest family life provide a model of respectability.The aristocratic Whig politicians gave the vote to the middle class in The First Reform Act.
They reformed social and economic conditions in The Factory Law and Ten Hours’ Act. Workhouses were established by the Poor Law Amendment Act. There the poor had to give up their family life in return for basic support in these institutions. During this period there was an explosion of knowledge and the government commissioned many reports on health, poverty, factory conditions and educations.
There was also a reduction in the cost of The Times from 5p to 3p .The Corn Law movement was eventually successful when the prime minister was forced to free the price of corn in 1688 in fact this period was considered the golden age of British Farming. After there was The Second Reform Act where the absence of political violence gave the vote to skilled working man.Nearly half of the world's trade was carried in british ships , british people were accustomed to global products and had a huge market in which to sell their manufactured goods. The Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace in 1851 proudly demonstrated this situation. This structure is very important but initially was destroyed due to a fire and then was rebuilt with iron and steel.
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