Riassunto esame Letteratura inglese, docente P. Partenza, libro consigliato Dynamics Of Desacralization, P. Partenza
Dynamics of Desacralization
(tutto quello che c’è da sapere per l’esame)
The idea of Desacralization
The idea of Desacralization has become almost commonplace attributing to the
word the rejection of what is sacred. To desacralize implies challenging the
sacred or traditional features of an institution, of tradition; it consists in
bringing back to the reality and historical truth, what had a religious
significance, or what was not supposed to be cast in doubt. It made men
reconsider their role in the world.
“Guyonne Leduc: the Desacralization of MEN”
Guyonne Leduc focuses her attention on the eighteen century, knows as “The
Golden Age of Patriarchy”. Sophia’s pamphlet was published in 1739 and it was
named “Woman Not Inferior To Men”. The writer of this pamphlet wants to
share his idea about the female gender inferiority. It received an anonymous
answer written by a man “Man Superior to Women”. This made the writer of
the first pamphlet to write a second one “Woman superior excellence over
man”. The identity of the author of these two pamphlet is unknown. Some
thinks that is Lady Mary Montague, because she defended women against Lord
Chesterfield’s article on “Common Sense”, other thinks that is a man. In this
period, women were considered week and inferior from the society because
they were men propriety. In her work she refers to men with negative
demonstrative adjective, as “that” or with negative words as “thing” or
“dogged” with irony. Even if she was not influenced by Poulain work “Woman
As Good As Men”, we can say that his idea pushed her to desacralize men.
“Christopher Stokes: the Desacralization of SIGN”
Stokes analysed three different theories.
The first is by Locke. Locke’s essay “Concerning the Human Understanding”
influenced philosophy in Britain. There was the distinction between simple and
complex ideas. He proved that everything could be created from its premises.
Another important thing is his theory about “language”. In his book “Of
Words”, he explained that sensorial experiences are at the root of language.
The necessity of words comes from the conceptions that are hidden in our
mind and they require a physical expression in order to be recorded by us.
Therefore, we create signs and then we associate them to ideas. He wants to
show how language can work as communicative system when it corresponds to
private experiences. Sensorial experiences bring men to create their own
language even if there are different kind of languages. The sign has a dualistic
view: one is the matter or the letter, the other is the idea, so we can say that
the concept of sign is desacralized.
Tooke wrote “The Diversions Of Purley”. Tooke did not share Locke’s idea
about the purpose of language to communicate thoughts. He thinks that just
some type of words have this communicative function, such as nouns and
verbs. The other types of words are just abbreviate signs to make the
communication faster and more efficient. There are eight classes of words but
Tooke thinks that most of them are abbreviations of nouns and verbs. This
simplification of language can be considered as a Desacralization.
He is most known for his strange life as “John Walking Stewart”. He thinks that
the function of sign is functional and not representative. He is against the
simplification of the sign and he thinks that meaning are not wrong or right but
flexible. His theory is called “real dialectic”. Steward revolution is a project of
emancipation of the mind; this is why it is a Desacralization.
“Barbara Benedict: the Desacralization of OBJECTS”
Barbara Benedict analysed how Jane Austen, her novels, does not write or
specify possessions of objects. She prefers to describe characters instead of
describe objects, but when she does, it’s because she wants to underline the
reduction of human subjectivity and morality. The religious world in her work
is never represented. The reification of people through objects do not let them
make free choices, so in this way, the sacred object become profane. In
addition, objects have the function of interaction. The idea of using people as
objects it’s synonymous of the loss of subjectivity. We can see the
Desacralization of objects in “Emma”. The idea of having portraits have always
been in the mind of aristocratic family. They believe that these portraits were
+1 anno fa
I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Michele962 di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Letteratura inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Gabriele D'Annunzio - Unich o del prof Partenza Paola.
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