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ENGLISH III - Prova finale 6/5/2014

UNIT 6 - RISK!

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Vocabulary: Describing risk!

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! predict meet assess (prevedere) manage

!! ! Estimate! Spread!

Face! Calculate! Minimise!

Anticipate! Identify! Evaluate! Reduce!

Foresee Encounter Measure! Eliminate!

Gauge! Prioritise

Weigh up

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! slight! serious!

A Risk can be… • •

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!! great! negligible!

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! minuscole! significant!

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! considerable! imminent!

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! potential! substantial!

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! immediate! terrible!

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! huge! tremendous

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! remote!

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Language review : Adverbs of degree!

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! Adverbs that strengthen the meaning of Adverbs that soften the meaning of adjectives

adjectives

! A bit!

Entirely! Exceptionally!

Extremely! Fairly!

Fully! Moderately!

Highly! Quite!

Increasingly! Rather!

Very! Reasonably!

Totally Slightly!

Somewhat

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Barbara Somma! 8

ENGLISH III - Prova finale 6/5/2014

UNIT 7 - MANAGMENT STYLES!

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Vocabulary: Management qualities!

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! Adjective Opposite meaning Noun

Considerate Inconsiderate Consideration

Competent Incompetent Competence

Creative Uncreative Creativity

Diplomatic Undiplomatic Diplomacy

Efficient Unefficient Efficiency

Flexible Inflexible Flexability

Inspiring Unispiring Inspiration

Logical Illogical/Illogic Logicality

Loyal Disloyal Loyalty

Organised Unorganised (No Organisation

organisation at all) /

Disorganised (Very bad

organised)

Decisive Indecisive Decision

Responsible Irresponsible Responsibility

Sociable Unsociable Sociability

Supportive Unsupportive Support

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New words: !

! Ruthless = not caring if you have to harm others to get what you want!

• Perfectionist = not satisfied with anything unless it is exactly right!

• Talented = having a natural ability to do something well!

• Self-motivated = wanting to achieve something by themselves!

• Anti-authoritarian = against forcing people to obey strict rules!

• Approachable = friendly and easy to talk to !

• Demanding = expecting a lot of time and efforts from others!

• Volatile = liable to suddenly become angry!

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Barbara Somma! 9

ENGLISH III - Prova finale 6/5/2014

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! Word/Expression Synonymous

Dismiss Dispel

Makes people feel frightened Strikes Terror

Hatred Loathing (odiare)

Group Band

Determined Driven

Displays Bears

Abrupt Brusque (rude)

Trying hard Striving

Protection Armour

Homely Cosy

Authocratic Regimented

Attitude Mindset

Enforce Empose

Use Exert

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Barbara Somma! 10

ENGLISH III - Prova finale 6/5/2014

UNIT 8 - TEAM BUILDING!

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Vocabulary: prefixes!

! Mis = do badly!

• Pro = in favour of!

• Pre = before!

• Post = after!

• Dis = not!

• Ex = former!

• Bi = two!

• Re = again!

• Multi = many!

• Hyper = very /more than usual!

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Language review : Modal perfect!

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The modal perfect is formed using modal verb + have + past participle.!

His presence might have boosted the team’s performance.!

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Two uses of the modal perfect are:!

! criticising or commenting on past actions

• You really should have backed up the files.

We needn’t have hurried to the airport, as the plane was late.!

speculating about the past or present

• I think the meeting may have finished now.

I’ve phoned the office three times now. I think they must have gone home.!

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Barbara Somma! 11

ENGLISH III - Prova finale 6/5/2014

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UNIT 9 - RAISING FINANCE!

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Vocabulary: Financial terms!

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“Money talks” = money is persuasive!

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“Don’t pull all your eggs in one basket” = When you have other options!

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“You have to speculate to accumulate” = You have to risk and invest!

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“Don’t throw good money after bad” = Don’t waste money!

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“Lend your money and lose a friend” = Don’t lend money to friends!

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“Out of debt, out of danger” = Pay your debts!

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“He who pays the piper calls the tune” = The person who pays decides how to use the money!

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“Beggars can’t be choosers” = People without money can’t decide!

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! Customers not paying on time often leads to cashflow problems.!

• Our state-of-the art machinery is our major asset.!

• The interest rate on the loan was 12%.!

• They could not pay their debts and faced bankruptcy.!

• Sorbat has gone into investment with debts of about 20 million.!

• The finance a company raises from issuing shares rather than taking out loans is known as

• equity capital.!

The principal is the original amount of a loan not including any interest charged.!

• A/an mortgage is a particular type of loan for the purchase of property.!

• If a company defaults on a loan , it means they miss a/an instalment.!

• Money lent to start-up businesses is known as risk or venture capital.!

• Being in the black means you are in credit.!

• A grant is money which doesn’t need to be repaid.!

• A debtor owes (deve) money.!

• A dividend payment is part of a profit paid to shareholders.!

• Liabilities are the total amounts of money owed by a business.!

• A return is the amount of profit made on an investment.!

• To go into liquidation is when a company stops operating because of financial difficulties.!

• Collateral is security for a loan in the form of assets which could be sold if the debt is unpaid.!

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BUSINESS ANGELS = finanziatori!

BANK FINANCE = appoggio finanziario!

EQUITY FINANCE = capitale delle azioni (shares)!

DEBT FUNDRAISING = prestare soldi sotto forma di obbligazioni!

VENTURE CAPITAL FUNDS = cercare nuovi business nei quali investire!

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go the distance = finish something you have started!

lucky break = a sudden or unexpected chance to do something that allows you to become

successful in your job!

hedge her debts = reduce your chances to failure or loss by trying several possibilities instead of

one!

keeping your ears to the ground = make sure you always !

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Barbara Somma! 12

ENGLISH III - Prova finale 6/5/2014

UNIT 10 - CUSTOMER SERVICE!

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Vocabulary: complaints!

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“ Pass the buck “ = avoid responsibility!

“ Get to the bottom of the problem “ = find the real cause of something!

“ The last straw “ = the last in a series of irritating events!

“ Slip my mind “ = forget to do something!

“ Ripped off “ = paid far too much for something!

“ Talk at cross purposes “ = misunderstand what someone else is referring to !

“ Go on extra mile “ = try harder in order to achieve something!

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! Word / Expression Synonymous / Meaning

Collocate To gather

Problems that came up Issues arosed

Bad publicity Bad press

To boost / Increase To drive

Together with Coupled with

To use To deploy

Asked Prompted

Resist Recoil

Solutions Remedies

Angry Irate

Gain the rewards To reap the rewards

Group Cadre

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Language review : Gerunds!

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A gerund is formed from a verb but can behave like a noun.!

It can be the subject of a sentence or clause :

- Satisfying the customer is the aim of every business.!

It can be the object of a sentence or a clause:

- I hate listening to computerised voicemail mazes. !

It often follows a preposition.

- They became successful by listening to their customers.!

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Gerunds are formed by adding -ing to the base form of the verb.!

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Barbara Somma! 13


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Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea in Comunicazione, Media e pubblicità
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I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher Mariabros di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Professional English III e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Libera Università di Lingue e Comunicazione - Iulm o del prof Harris Fellow Paul.

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