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DoH = Department of Health

ACC = American College of Cardiology

EASL = European Association For The Study Of The Liver

NIH = National Institute of Health

DDI = Digestive Disease Institute

NHS National health system

Prescriptions, quantities and posology of drugs and admnistration

ac = ante cibum (before food)

bd = bis die (twice a day)

ci = controindications

d = days (also expressed as X/7)

dl = decilitre

g = grams

po per orale

Diagnosis and treatment

AAA = abdominal aortic aneurysm

CPAP = continuous positive airways pressure

CPR = cardio-pulmonary resuscitation

PTCA = percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

BLS = Basic Life Support

ALS = Advanced Life Support

ACLS = Advanced Cardiac Life Support (only for doctors)

AMI = Acute Miocardial Infarction

PTC = Poli-Trauma care (protocols)

PBC = Primary biliary cirrhosis

Chemical substances, elements or catalysts, proteins and


Al = aluminium (AE

AMP = Adenosine monophosphate

ACE = Angiotensin-converting enzyme

CK = creatine kinase

ASA = acetylsalicylis acid (aspirin)

Medical Journals

BMJ = British Medical Journal

The FASEB Journal = The Journal of the Federation of American

Societies for Experimental Biology

Viruses and Bacteria

CMV = Cytomegalovirus

EBV = Epstein- Barr Virus

Functions and Hormones

ACTH = Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

ADH = Antidiuretic hormone

FSH = Follicle-stimulating hormone

Lab Tests and Exams

Hct = hematocrit (separation of blood cells)

CC = creatinine clearance (index of the glomerulal filtration rate)

ABG = arterial blood gas (emogas analysis)

CAT = computerized axial tomography (also known as CT or

computerized tomography

PET = positrone emission tomography

EGC = electrocardiogram

ECHO = echocardiogram

FBC = full blood count

EEG = electroencephalogram

MRI = magnetic resonance imaging

(Language section)

Fill the blanks : Complete the text by inserting the right acronysm

or abbreviation, choosing from the list shown in the


The patient came to the........ for a complete check up. He was first

sent to the lab, where a nurse took his blood sample for a ….........

Then he was admitted to the Radiology Unit for a … he was

complaining severe headaches and stabbing chest pain.

….......and...........were also suggested, for a cardiological control.

The Lab exams effected showed severe arrhytmia and …............

which can lead to a diagnose of ….........He was soon given aspirin

and ….........inhibitors, in order to avoid complications.


Definition : Anatomy is a branch of biology and medicine that con-

siders the morphology and structures of living things. The term anatomy

derives from the greek, meaning “to cut up and separate”.

Collocations: Human Anatomy (referred to human beings)

animal anatomy (Zootomy)

plant anatomy (phytotomy)

gross anatomy

microscopic anatomy

superficial anatomy

systemic anatomy

morbid anatomy

comparative anatomy

anthropological anatomy

artistic anatomy

Anatomy is subdivided into

Gross anatomy or macroscopic anatomy (also called topographical

anatomy, regional anatomy or anthropotomy) as the study of those

anatomical structures visible with the naked eye;

Microscopic anatomy or the study of minute anatomical structures

assisted with microscopes, which includes Histology (the study of

the organization of tissues) and Citology (the study of cells)

Superficial Anatomy or Surface Anatomy is the study of anatomical

landmarks that can be easily seen by observing the contours of the

external body.

Anatomical pathology (also called morbid anatomy or histiopa-

thology) is the study of either gross and microscopic appearances

of diseased organs

Comparative anatomy : it relates to the comparisons of anatomical

structures (both gross and microscopic) in different animals

Anthropological anatomy or physical anthropology relates to the

comparison of the anatomy of different human races

Artistic anatomy refers to anatomic studies for artistic reasons

Anatomy can be studies by means of

⁃ anatomical models

⁃ skeletons

⁃ textbooks

⁃ atlas

⁃ diagrams

⁃ photographs

⁃ lectures

⁃ tutorials

⁃ inspections

⁃ dissections

The discipline of Human anatomy is complementary to the disciplines

of Physiology and Biochemistry and they are considered basic

sciences in the medical curriculum.

Human anatomy can be taught and learned by studying bodily regions

such as thehead and chest or by studying specific systems and their

organs (systemic anatomy)

A good approach to the study of anatomy is by considering the complex

systems that perform all the vital functions:

⁃ the skeletal system

⁃ the digestive system

⁃ the muscular system




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+1 anno fa

Esame: Inglese
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in medicina e chirurgia (a ciclo unico - 6 anni)
Università: Foggia - Unifg
A.A.: 2013-2014

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher kalamaj di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Foggia - Unifg o del prof Loiacono Anna.

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