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Anteprima

ESTRATTO DOCUMENTO

Viruses and Bacteria

CMV = Cytomegalovirus

EBV = Epstein- Barr Virus

Functions and Hormones

ACTH = Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

ADH = Antidiuretic hormone

FSH = Follicle-stimulating hormone

Lab Tests and Exams

Hct = hematocrit (separation of blood cells)

CC = creatinine clearance (index of the glomerulal filtration rate)

ABG = arterial blood gas (emogas analysis)

CAT = computerized axial tomography (also known as CT or

computerized tomography

PET = positrone emission tomography

EGC = electrocardiogram

ECHO = echocardiogram

FBC = full blood count

EEG = electroencephalogram

MRI = magnetic resonance imaging

(Language section)

Fill the blanks : Complete the text by inserting the right acronysm

or abbreviation, choosing from the list shown in the

book

The patient came to the........ for a complete check up. He was first

sent to the lab, where a nurse took his blood sample for a ….........

Then he was admitted to the Radiology Unit for a …........as he was

complaining severe headaches and stabbing chest pain.

….......and...........were also suggested, for a cardiological control.

The Lab exams effected showed severe arrhytmia and …............

which can lead to a diagnose of ….........He was soon given aspirin

and ….........inhibitors, in order to avoid complications.

A ANATOMY

Definition : Anatomy is a branch of biology and medicine that con-

siders the morphology and structures of living things. The term anatomy

derives from the greek, meaning “to cut up and separate”.

Collocations: Human Anatomy (referred to human beings)

animal anatomy (Zootomy)

plant anatomy (phytotomy)

gross anatomy

microscopic anatomy

superficial anatomy

systemic anatomy

morbid anatomy

comparative anatomy

anthropological anatomy

artistic anatomy

Anatomy is subdivided into

Gross anatomy or macroscopic anatomy (also called topographical

anatomy, regional anatomy or anthropotomy) as the study of those

anatomical structures visible with the naked eye;

Microscopic anatomy or the study of minute anatomical structures

assisted with microscopes, which includes Histology (the study of

the organization of tissues) and Citology (the study of cells)

Superficial Anatomy or Surface Anatomy is the study of anatomical

landmarks that can be easily seen by observing the contours of the

external body.

Anatomical pathology (also called morbid anatomy or histiopa-

thology) is the study of either gross and microscopic appearances

of diseased organs

Comparative anatomy : it relates to the comparisons of anatomical

structures (both gross and microscopic) in different animals

Anthropological anatomy or physical anthropology relates to the

comparison of the anatomy of different human races

Artistic anatomy refers to anatomic studies for artistic reasons

Anatomy can be studies by means of

⁃ anatomical models

⁃ skeletons

⁃ textbooks

⁃ atlas

⁃ diagrams

⁃ photographs

⁃ lectures

⁃ tutorials

⁃ inspections

⁃ dissections

The discipline of Human anatomy is complementary to the disciplines

of Physiology and Biochemistry and they are considered basic

sciences in the medical curriculum.

Human anatomy can be taught and learned by studying bodily regions

such as thehead and chest or by studying specific systems and their

organs (systemic anatomy)

A good approach to the study of anatomy is by considering the complex

systems that perform all the vital functions:

⁃ the skeletal system

⁃ the digestive system

⁃ the muscular system

⁃ the lymphatic system

⁃ the endocrine system

⁃ the nervous system

⁃ the cardiovascular system

⁃ the male reproductive system

⁃ the female reproductive system

⁃ the urinary system

(language section)

Task: give for each of the system listed above

a) the organs involved

b) the main functions performed

i) the anatomical regions that constitute the system

i) the related lexis

(check on line your score!) click on....................................................

Translate into English

L'Anatomia altro non è che la descrizione dettagliata del corpo umano,

attraverso l'osservazione, la descrizione e la definizione di tutte le parti

che lo costituiscono, cioè le ossa (scheletro), i muscoli, i legamenti,

i tessuti, gli organi, le ghiandole, i fluidi e i sistemi.

Il modo migliore per iniziare lo studio dell'Anatomia è attraverso l'uso

di immagini tridimensionali o lucidi trasparenti, che offrono descrizioni

complete della macchina complessa che ci consente di muoverci, di

stare eretti, di muoverci, respirare ed eseguire migliaia di azioni e

funzioni

Fu Henry Grey, nel 1 a elaborare la prima completa descrizione ana-

tomica del corpo umano: la sua opera, considerata una pietra miliare

di valore inestimabile per l'uomo, ha conosciuto sempre riedizioni

fino ad oggi e resta ancor oggi il principale testo di anatomia

Translation

Anatomy, in simple words, is the detailed description of the human

body,carried through the observation, description and definition of

all its constituent parts,i.e.: the bones, the muscles, the ligaments

the tissues, the organs, the glands, the fluids and the systems.

The easiest way to approach the study of anatomy is by means of

coloured three-dimensional tables or transparent plates that provide

full descriptive images of the complex machine that enables us to

stand, to move, to breathe, to perform thousands of actions and

functions.

The first detailed anatomical description was completed by Henry

Grey: his work, considered as an unvaluable milestone in medical

research, has been always edited and published up to our times and it is

the major anatomy textbook up to now.

To know some more......

The world wide known TV medical fiction “ Gray's Anatomy” contains

in its title a double metaphor: Grace (spelled in the same way as Gray's

is the name of one of the main characters, a doctor working in the

Grace Hospital th

The double reference to the famous 19 century anatomist is evident

and deliberately chosen.


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DETTAGLI
Esame: Inglese
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in medicina e chirurgia (a ciclo unico - 6 anni)
SSD:
Università: Foggia - Unifg
A.A.: 2013-2014

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher kalamaj di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Foggia - Unifg o del prof Loiacono Anna.

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