Inglese - The Medical alphabet
Viruses and Bacteria
CMV = Cytomegalovirus
EBV = Epstein- Barr Virus
Functions and Hormones
ACTH = Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
ADH = Antidiuretic hormone
FSH = Follicle-stimulating hormone
Lab Tests and Exams
Hct = hematocrit (separation of blood cells)
CC = creatinine clearance (index of the glomerulal filtration rate)
ABG = arterial blood gas (emogas analysis)
CAT = computerized axial tomography (also known as CT or
PET = positrone emission tomography
EGC = electrocardiogram
ECHO = echocardiogram
FBC = full blood count
EEG = electroencephalogram
MRI = magnetic resonance imaging
Fill the blanks : Complete the text by inserting the right acronysm
or abbreviation, choosing from the list shown in the
The patient came to the........ for a complete check up. He was first
sent to the lab, where a nurse took his blood sample for a ….........
Then he was admitted to the Radiology Unit for a …........as he was
complaining severe headaches and stabbing chest pain.
….......and...........were also suggested, for a cardiological control.
The Lab exams effected showed severe arrhytmia and …............
which can lead to a diagnose of ….........He was soon given aspirin
and ….........inhibitors, in order to avoid complications.
Definition : Anatomy is a branch of biology and medicine that con-
siders the morphology and structures of living things. The term anatomy
derives from the greek, meaning “to cut up and separate”.
Collocations: Human Anatomy (referred to human beings)
animal anatomy (Zootomy)
plant anatomy (phytotomy)
Anatomy is subdivided into
Gross anatomy or macroscopic anatomy (also called topographical
anatomy, regional anatomy or anthropotomy) as the study of those
anatomical structures visible with the naked eye;
Microscopic anatomy or the study of minute anatomical structures
assisted with microscopes, which includes Histology (the study of
the organization of tissues) and Citology (the study of cells)
Superficial Anatomy or Surface Anatomy is the study of anatomical
landmarks that can be easily seen by observing the contours of the
Anatomical pathology (also called morbid anatomy or histiopa-
thology) is the study of either gross and microscopic appearances
of diseased organs
Comparative anatomy : it relates to the comparisons of anatomical
structures (both gross and microscopic) in different animals
Anthropological anatomy or physical anthropology relates to the
comparison of the anatomy of different human races
Artistic anatomy refers to anatomic studies for artistic reasons
Anatomy can be studies by means of
⁃ anatomical models
The discipline of Human anatomy is complementary to the disciplines
of Physiology and Biochemistry and they are considered basic
sciences in the medical curriculum.
Human anatomy can be taught and learned by studying bodily regions
such as thehead and chest or by studying specific systems and their
organs (systemic anatomy)
A good approach to the study of anatomy is by considering the complex
systems that perform all the vital functions:
⁃ the skeletal system
⁃ the digestive system
⁃ the muscular system
⁃ the lymphatic system
⁃ the endocrine system
⁃ the nervous system
⁃ the cardiovascular system
⁃ the male reproductive system
⁃ the female reproductive system
⁃ the urinary system
Task: give for each of the system listed above
a) the organs involved
b) the main functions performed
i) the anatomical regions that constitute the system
i) the related lexis
(check on line your score!) click on....................................................
Translate into English
L'Anatomia altro non è che la descrizione dettagliata del corpo umano,
attraverso l'osservazione, la descrizione e la definizione di tutte le parti
che lo costituiscono, cioè le ossa (scheletro), i muscoli, i legamenti,
i tessuti, gli organi, le ghiandole, i fluidi e i sistemi.
Il modo migliore per iniziare lo studio dell'Anatomia è attraverso l'uso
di immagini tridimensionali o lucidi trasparenti, che offrono descrizioni
complete della macchina complessa che ci consente di muoverci, di
stare eretti, di muoverci, respirare ed eseguire migliaia di azioni e
Fu Henry Grey, nel 1 a elaborare la prima completa descrizione ana-
tomica del corpo umano: la sua opera, considerata una pietra miliare
di valore inestimabile per l'uomo, ha conosciuto sempre riedizioni
fino ad oggi e resta ancor oggi il principale testo di anatomia
Anatomy, in simple words, is the detailed description of the human
body,carried through the observation, description and definition of
all its constituent parts,i.e.: the bones, the muscles, the ligaments
the tissues, the organs, the glands, the fluids and the systems.
The easiest way to approach the study of anatomy is by means of
coloured three-dimensional tables or transparent plates that provide
full descriptive images of the complex machine that enables us to
stand, to move, to breathe, to perform thousands of actions and
The first detailed anatomical description was completed by Henry
Grey: his work, considered as an unvaluable milestone in medical
research, has been always edited and published up to our times and it is
the major anatomy textbook up to now.
To know some more......
The world wide known TV medical fiction “ Gray's Anatomy” contains
in its title a double metaphor: Grace (spelled in the same way as Gray's
is the name of one of the main characters, a doctor working in the
Grace Hospital th
The double reference to the famous 19 century anatomist is evident
and deliberately chosen.
+1 anno fa
I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher kalamaj di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Foggia - Unifg o del prof Loiacono Anna.
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