History of the Design thinking
It started in the 1960s and it comes to now. Some theories come even from before.
The first time “Design thinking” became a book was 1987, by Peter Rowe. He focused on:
DEFINING DESIG PROTOCOLS (documenting design process)
There is no step by step, each architect works in different ways
A problem occurs when an organism wants something and the actions to get it are not obvious.
3 CATEGORIES OF PROBLEMS
Well defined problems - A solution requires application of the rules to the specific equation
Ill defined problems - You should better define the problem by talking to your customer
Wicked problems - Without a definitive definition
At the end of 1800 the modern era pushed towards the “scientificazation” of creative activities
like design and architecture. Because there was a strong division between scientific disciplines
and artistic performances.
DEDUCTION - From general to specific
INDUCTION - From specific to general
In design process you use both of them. Deduction and induction were tools to give a meaning
to what happened in the world around us.
Deduction proves that something must be, induction shows that something actually is operative.
ABDUCTION suggests that something may be. It assumes the definition of an hypothesis, not
already given by the cases, and for that is a sort of intelligent try.
What means “think out of the box”? It means to think by association, to stimulate the area of
the brain which is most creative. Associationism says that creativity is a RANDOM event.
Wurzburg school says that creativity is CONTROLLABLE.
Gestalt, which is the theory that led Bauhaus, says that while you’re looking, your brain
immediately associates what you’re seeing with something. For Gaestalt, creativity is a FREE
RECONSTRUCION ON THESE FIXED ARRANGEMENTS.
After Gestalt, there’s Behaviourism.
Step process models. It is a rational thinking that makes a list of steps.
In the design process it happens that you’re so concentrate in something that you miss all the
rest. Where design education come from?
In Italy design education was born in the 90s. Actually it was born in 50s and 60s, but the schools
were a few and all private. The bricoleur comes from the art school, the engineer come from the
polytechnic school. Some schools have a very scientific approach to the topic.
In addition to the bricoleur and the engineer, in the 80s there was a new figure, the reflective
+1 anno fa
Riassunto degli appunti del corso di Design methods, del primo anno di Laurea magistrale in PSSD (Product-Service System Design).
La prima parte (pag. 1-12) riguarda il modulo del Professor Cautela, di Design methods.
La seconda parte (pag. 13-17) riguarda il modulo della Professoressa Auricchio, di Design tools for PSSD.
Corso e appunti in lingua inglese.
Summary of notes from Design methods course, first year of Master of Science in PSSD (Product-Service System Design).
First part (pag. 1-12) is about Professor Cautela's module, Design methods.
Second part (pag. 13-17) is about Professor Auricchio's module, Design tools for PSSD.
Course and notes provided in English.
I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher FagaLaunch di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Design Methods e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Politecnico di Milano - Polimi o del prof Cautela Cabirio.
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