Robert Louis Stevenson
Robert Louis Stevenson was born in 1850. The impatience for his parent's religion led to painful clashes with his father. He began to suffer from a respiratory illness so he went in France, there he met Fanny Osburne, an American lady separated from her husband, and they married her. He wrote many works like Kidnapped, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hide, The Master of Ballantrae, In the South Seas and Weir of Hermiston. He died in 1894.
For Stevenson the novel was a flight into adventure where human beings escape from the incidents of everyday. He belief in predestination and one of his great them is the conflict between good and evil and this is at the base of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hide, a moral allegory and a thriller, a psychological study and a horror story. He deepened psychological analysis and most of his stories are based on one character speaking in the first person. He was a novelist, a poet and wrote many letters.
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde talks about Dr. Jekyll who studying the human psyche, creates a potion that can separate the two natures of the human soul, the good and the evil. His personality is divided into two parts and can’t revert. The bad side is called Edward Hyde, a strong and bad person that makes every iniquity. When Dr. Jekyll is transformed back, he can’t live like himself so orders his servant to obey Hyde. Later the bad part takes over and he committed suicide with poison to avoid being caught by the police.