The manifest of English Romanticism
In 1798 Wordsworth and Coleridge published a collection of their work anonymously entitled Lyrical Ballads, with a few Other Poems. The principal object proposed in these poems was to choose incidents and situation from common life to describe them with a simple language. The poets also want to throw over them a certain coloring of imagination. Rustic life was generally chosen, because, in that condition, the essential passions of the heart find a better soil.
In this work the poet is described as a man speaking to a man. But he is a man with more sensibility, who has a greater knowledge of human nature and the poetry is described as the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings. It takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquillity.
Romanticism originated towards the end of the 18th century in Germany, England and France. It gave value to emotions, particularly to emotions produced when man came face to face with the sublimity of nature.
Romanticism has its roots in the Sturm und Drang movement in Germany, which rejected the kind of rationalism.
In England the first generation poets, Wordsworth and Coleridge, wrote the Romantic manifesto in the Preface to the Lyrical Ballads. Instead the poets of the second generation are Byron, Shelley and Keats, who were particurarly attracted by Italy.