•Eliot in his works criticizing the company without values; men are empty because they do not have elements to create their own identity. all this because of too high a progress that led to the loss of values. The themes of his works are:
1. man's alienation from society.
2. the question of personal identity.
3. the problem of civilization.
4. This is lower than the past.
5. man is afraid to live and is immobilized. Eliot is very influenced by the past, tradition, and so it is very tied to the values.
• The author tries to be objective, to represent the whole society through games of musicality, rhythm and through the objective correlative.
• Eliot revaluates the tradition and his poetry eternal; is influenced by Ezra Pound, eliminates any form of rhetoric to describe precise image; from symbolism (Baudelaire) and wants to make poetry easier through simple images. And Dante's Inferno because men are inept.
The hollow men
• The Waste Land leads to hollow men
• the structure is irregular, it is like a song
• The name Mistah resumes the language of the indigenous
• Mr. Kurtz is a hollow man without values
• Old Guy = It is empty because it is straw
• The whole Western society is made up of hollow men
• It describes the aridity of today as opposed to the past that is happy (This remember the poetry of Machado)
• The cellar that is usually humid instead arid
• Men have the power but do not use it
• Men have idols that are images of stone and they do not believe in a real God
• He makes a contrast between East and West that is reminiscent of past and present
• Western man is like a child who says things that do not make sense, for example, always repeating the Lord's Prayer without knowing what it says
The Waste Land
• He describes the fertility of the past and the sterility of the present
• Uses objects to transmit sensations
• As in the poems of Machado is the reality that is influenced by the mood of the poet
• It resumes Dante's inferno and is inspired by Montale
• Ezra Pound corrects the work
• There is no punctuation, the verses are irregular and in the second verse the rhythm is fast