Coleridge and Wordsworth
Wordsworth considered Nature the mirror of his own feelings, a mythic force that included both inanimate and human nature, in fact, we can say that him had got a pantheistic view of nature; Coleridge view Nature accompanied by the awareness of the presence of the ideal in the real. For Wordsworth imagination is emotion connected in tranquility and help the poet to see life in a better way; Coleridge divide imagination in ‘primary’ and ‘secondary’. The primary is a fusion of perceptions, the human individual power to produce images, power to give chaos a certain order, to give material of perception a certain shape; the secondary was something more, it was the poetic faculty which not only gave shape and order to a given world, but built new worlds. Wordsworth’s main themes, like Coleridge, were memory, Nature and childhood. The style of Coleridge was simple and common, instead Wordsworth’s one that was difficult, full of metaphor, similes, symbolism and with a pessimistic vision.
Keats, Poetry and beauty
Keats was able to penetrate almost feverishly in creatures feelings and express their sensations as if they were his own. He loved preciosity of style and was always in search of beautiful images and words, which would sound musical. He had an extraordinary power of finding adjectives referring to the senses, which sometimes are so evocative that the reader is carried away. BEAUTY, for Keats, was the central theme of all his poems. The memory of something beautiful was to him a source of joy. Beauty could be either physical or spiritual but, these two aspects, were closely connected because physical beauty was the expression of spiritual beauty. But, the first was mortal and temporary, the second was immortal and eternal. An artist, in fact, die, but the beauty of his work lives on. Keats formulated a new theory of ‘negative capability’: the idea in which the poet has not an identity, he must have the ability to escape from or negate his own personality for complex reality around him.