American Civil War
The words of the famous Declaration of Independence “all men are created equal” were in fact far from true, because out of the 7.2 million people in the United States, 1.2 million were black and they were slaves. Slavery was strongly supported by the big landowners in the southern states, while in the north farms were smaller and farmers did not need slaves to work the land for them.
Early in the 19th century many northern states passed laws abolishing slavery in their territories. In the course of the century the disputes between North and South worsened until, in 1861, eleven southern states seceded from the United States – whose president was Abraham Lincoln – and announced that they were now the Confederate States of America, also known as the Confederation. Their President was Jefferson Davis. Meanwhile the civil war, the most dramatic war in the 19th century was on the way.
The North had a lager population, grew more food crops, had more manufacturing capacity and most of the weapons factories. So its army – the Federal army – was lager, better equipped with clothing and weapons, and better fed. On the other hand, the South had the best military leaders (Roberts E.Lee and Thomas J.Jackson), most of the recruits were export riders and very skilled in shooting, not to mention the legendary courage and valor of the men from Virginia.