Swift satirical vein is also clear in his most famous work; G’sT, in which he mixed utopian narrative (like Thomas More’s Utopia) and travel. It is alternately been considered a children’s story, a philosophical tale and an extended metaphor, in which is used a first person narrator.
It is a novel in four books.
Lemuel Gulliver, the narrator and protagonist, is an ordinary man, a ship’s surgeon, who makes a series of voyages into several remote regions of the world. He mixes the fantastic and the real: his imaginary lands are placed in known oceans or continents and they are described in meticulous details.
The adventures of the hero bring him into contact with people who are either more civilized or reflect our worst habits and defects.
In the First Book Gulliver is shipwrecked in the empire of Lilliput, inhabited by a people so small, who exemplify the meanness and pettiness of our own world. They make him a prisoner and then use him in wars. In the end Gulliver is allowed to leave the country with a boat.
In the Second Book Gulliver lands in the country of Brobdingnag. This time he is surrounded by giants in which Gulliver sees all the physical imperfections of man.
In the Third Book Gulliver lands in Laputa, a flying island, in which the inhabitants have heads bent to one side, their knowledge is all theoretical and they live in badly built houses. This is a direct satire of contemporary England, modern philosophies and science.
In the Fourth Book Gulliver lands in the country of the intelligent Horses, also inhabited by a race of creatures, the Yahoos, that closely resemble men.
The horses are a rational and perfectly race, whereas the Yahoos are cruel and filthy, very much like men.
He decided to stay with the horses for ever but they cannot tolerate the presence of a Yahoo.