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The term “Renaissance” is given to express an intellectual movement which spread throughout Europe in the 15th century. In this period the Greek Scholars escaped from Greece to take refuge in Italy because of the fall of Constantinople in 1453. After this event the Renaissance and the Humanism began.
The Renaissance is the rebirth of the classical studies; it emerged gradually, it can be dated back to the last two centuries of the Middle Ages. While in the Middle Ages the focus was to God and the men were completely submitted to him, the classical studies focus on the figure of the man who became more conscious of his potentiality and became independent (so it focus also of his individualism).
English Renaissance is different than Italian Renaissance for some reasons: in Italy the Renaissance and the Humanism covered the period of the 15th- 16th century, in England it was reached at the end of the 15th century and it had his golden age (Elizabethan age) in the second half of the 16th century. In England it arrived later because of its geographical position (because it is an island) and because in that period there was the War of the Two Roses.
The individualism was considered in two different ways from the two States: in England is was looked as a form of responsibility, while in Italy it was considered as a form of enjoyment and self-assertion.
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