Drama in Europe
on the 16th century born the modern theatre in Europe but the transition from medieval to secular classical drama occurred in different time for every European country.
in Italy we saw the parallel growth of two types of theatre: the Commedia d'Arte, it was popular with characters like Arlecchino and the Commedia Erudita that includes works like Macchiavelli's Mandragola.
In France modern drama flourished later and it's first important work was Corneille's Cid in 1636. Germany was in the same situation.
In Spain the first important work was Celestina, apparently wrote by Fernando Rojas.
For England was a bit more difficult to shake free from medieval drama's influence. The first regular comedy appeared in 1553 and the first tragedy in 1561.
Drama in Elizabethan Age
The prose and poetry of the Renaissance never came to be a popular literature because they were intended for a readership with a good education. Drama became the truly national literally manifestation of the time.
• The theatres were open to everybody.
• Every people could understood plays.
• The theatre-going habit was widespread.
• Moralities and interludes were still a living memory.
• Humanism introduced a new interest in classical drama.
• There were a lot of talented playwrights.
• Theatre had a great commercial potential.
• The Court and the aristocracy patronized theatre.
• Dramatically functional shape and stage.
• Language more direct that that of poetry and prose.