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And, or, but, because, so

And, or, but, because e so sono congiunzioni che uniscono due parti di una frase o due proposizioni in un periodo. And, or, but sono congiunzioni coordinative, because e so subordinative.

-and → e
Si utilizza per aggiungere
- I'm short and thin.
- She has got a car and a red bike.
- Take some milk and two glasses.
- I'm Lindsey and I'm from Australia.

- or → o/oppure
Si utilizza per indicare un'alternativa
- Are you angry or hungry?
- You can do your homework or go to the gym.
- Is it better or worse?
- My grandfather can't read or write.

- but → ma
Si utilizza per indicare un contrasto
- You are pretty, but unpleasant.
- She's very nice, but her husband isn't.
- I'm good at English but not at Maths.
- He has got an English name, but he is Italian.

- because → perchè
Si utilizza per indicare una causa
- There is no school trip today because the teacher is ill.
- We are at home because weather is terrible.
- Marta is at home because she has got a cold.
- I'm sad because Anna has broken with me.

- so → così/quindi
Si utilizza per indicare una conseguenza
- She isn't well, so she is at home today.
- I'm from England so I speak English.
- He is rich, so he's got a big house.
- It's very hot, so we can go to the beach.

Nelle frasi negative non si usa and ma or.
- I don't like volleyball or basketball.

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