Image living in a country where black people cannot go to the same school, sit in the same bus and drink from the same water fountain as white people. This happened in the USA and in South Africa under systems of racial segregation. Courageous black people worked hard to destroy these systems.
Marthin Luther King
Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. He was a very good student and attended university, where he studied theology and philosophy. In the 1950s he started to organize peaceful protests against segregation in the USA. He was very succesful. After many demonstration and marches, segregation in the USA ended in 1965. In 1964 Martin Luther King received the Nobel Peace Prize. He died in 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was assassinated during a protest march to defend black workers’ civil rights.
Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in a small village in Umtata, South Africa. He went to college where he studied law. In 1950s Mandela was the leader of African National Congress, the political movement against apartheid (the name of segregation in South Afirca). Mandela was arrested in 1962 and was in prison for 27 years. From prison he continued to be a leader for black people and when apartheid ended in 1993, people elected Nelson Mandela as South Africa’s first black president. He was president from 1994 to 1999. In 1993 Mandela received the Nobel Peace Prize.