Spoken and Written Registers
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF REGISTERS, GENRES AND STYLES
The fiction novel
most fiction novels have frequent narrative linguistic features including past tense verbs, third
person pronouns, proper nouns and adverbials of time and place, reporting verbs and direct
and indirect reported speech. The greatest difference between 18 and 20 centurynovels has
to do with spelling and word choice.
18 century novels: the author has a relation with the reader. Noun phrases tend to have
many modifiers. Much longer sentences. Elaborated linguistic style. Complex noun phrases.
Much longer in general.
20 century novels: the author is hidden. Noun phrases tend to be much less complex. Short
sentences. Simplet syntax, with more verbs and simple clauses. Descriptive details are often
given in adverbials rather than being embedded inside noun phrases. More verbs, short
clauses, adverbials. Shorter.
The scientific research article
During history science research articles have mantained the basic communicative goal of
conveying the results of scientific inquiry. Semi-mmodal verbs and stance adverbials have
increased in frequency. By contrary modal verbs have undergone a general decrease in use.
Today the researcharticle is much more narrowly defined in terms of textual conventions. First
it was monoreferential and shorter, today it is longer and cites different sources, more
Genre perspective: many articles adopted the textual conventions of a letter addressed to
the publisher, beginning with salutation and ending with a formulaic closing. Use of the
impersonal "we" to refer to anyone who works in the field. Detailed description.
Register perspective: no 1 person sentences, agentless passive forms and inanimate
subjects. Few verbs but many nouns and complex noun phrases. "to be" is the most used verb.
Use of the passive voice.
REGISTERS AND GENRES IN ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION
structure of turns
rare minimal responses
large use of pronouns
focused on concrete concepts
1 and 2 person pronouns
personal feelings and attitudes
mode and medium
can be planned, revised and edited
no direct interaction. Time and space shared to a lesser extent
+1 anno fa
I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher sensep di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Lingua inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Tor Vergata - Uniroma2 o del prof Petroni Sandra.
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