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Appunti di Lingua inglese basati su appunti personali del publisher presi alle lezioni della prof.ssa Petroni, dell'Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Facoltà di Lettere e filosofia, Corso di laurea in lingue nella società dell'informazione. Scarica il file in formato PDF!

Esame di Lingua inglese docente Prof. S. Petroni

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HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF REGISTERS, GENRES AND STYLES

The fiction novel

most fiction novels have frequent narrative linguistic features including past tense verbs, third

person pronouns, proper nouns and adverbials of time and place, reporting verbs and direct

and indirect reported speech. The greatest difference between 18 and 20 centurynovels has

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to do with spelling and word choice.

18 century novels: the author has a relation with the reader. Noun phrases tend to have

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many modifiers. Much longer sentences. Elaborated linguistic style. Complex noun phrases.

Much longer in general.

20 century novels: the author is hidden. Noun phrases tend to be much less complex. Short

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sentences. Simplet syntax, with more verbs and simple clauses. Descriptive details are often

given in adverbials rather than being embedded inside noun phrases. More verbs, short

clauses, adverbials. Shorter.

The scientific research article

During history science research articles have mantained the basic communicative goal of

conveying the results of scientific inquiry. Semi-mmodal verbs and stance adverbials have

increased in frequency. By contrary modal verbs have undergone a general decrease in use.

Today the researcharticle is much more narrowly defined in terms of textual conventions. First

it was monoreferential and shorter, today it is longer and cites different sources, more

complete.

Genre perspective: many articles adopted the textual conventions of a letter addressed to

the publisher, beginning with salutation and ending with a formulaic closing. Use of the

impersonal "we" to refer to anyone who works in the field. Detailed description.

Register perspective: no 1 person sentences, agentless passive forms and inanimate

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subjects. Few verbs but many nouns and complex noun phrases. "to be" is the most used verb.

Use of the passive voice.

REGISTERS AND GENRES IN ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION

Linguistic characteristics

 structure of turns

 rare minimal responses

 lexical verbs

 large use of pronouns

 focused on concrete concepts

 interactive

 1 and 2 person pronouns

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 anaphora

 deixis

Situational characteristics

 social roles

 personal feelings and attitudes

 mode and medium

 can be planned, revised and edited

 no direct interaction. Time and space shared to a lesser extent


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DETTAGLI
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea in lingue nella società dell'informazione
SSD:
A.A.: 2016-2017

I contenuti di questa pagina costituiscono rielaborazioni personali del Publisher sensep di informazioni apprese con la frequenza delle lezioni di Lingua inglese e studio autonomo di eventuali libri di riferimento in preparazione dell'esame finale o della tesi. Non devono intendersi come materiale ufficiale dell'università Tor Vergata - Uniroma2 o del prof Petroni Sandra.

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